Atal Bihari Vajpayee Current Affairs - 2019
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National Technology Day was observed on May 11 across India. The day marks the anniversary of Pokhran Nuclear Tests (Operation Shakti) of 1998 and also India’s progress in field of science and technology.
About National Technology Day
- The National Technology Day was coined by late Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee as 11 May act as as a reminder of India’s technological advancements.
- Background: On 11 May 1998, India successfully conducted Pokhran-II (code name-Operation Shakti) in which it tested its Shakti-I nuclear missile at Indian Army’s Pokhran Test Range in Rajasthan. This was the second nuclear test conducted by India after Pokhran I (code-named Operation Smiling Buddha) was conducted in May 1974.
- Objective: National Technology Day highlights and celebrates groundbreaking achievements and valuable contribution of our scientists and engineers in field of science and technology. It also encourages youngsters towards science and technology field and embracing it as a career option.
- Celebration: Every year the Technology Development Board of India (a statutory body) commemorates NTD by awarding individuals with National Award for their contribution to science and technology (S&T). Also, on the occasion of NTD engineering colleges across India conduct programmes to support scientific endeavours and promote interest amongst students.
Other Landmark Events that happened on May 11
- National Technology Day also marks the flight of Hansa-3, India’s first indigenous aircraft which was developed by National Aerospace Laboratories. It was flown in Bengaluru when nuclear tests were being organized in Pokhran, Rajasthan. It was a two-seater, light general aviation plane. It is utilized in flying institutes for pilot training, surveillance, sports, aerial photography, and environment Projects.
- On May 11, 1998 the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) accomplished last test-fire of Trishul missile. It is a surface-to-air, short-range missile, quick-reaction. It was then introduced into defence service by Indian Air Force (IAF) and Indian Army.
- The Trishul missile Trishul was a unit of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) of India which has resulted in formation of Prithvi, Akash and Agni missile systems.
Tags: Atal Bihari Vajpayee • Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) • DRDO • IGMDP • Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) • National Technology Day • Operation Shakti • Operation Smiling Buddha • Pokhran I • Pokhran II • Pokhran Nuclear Tests • Trishul missile
The President of India Ram Nath Kovind has unveiled the life size portrait of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee at the Central Hall of Parliament on 12th February 2018. There were many other leaders present including Vice President Venkaiah Naidu, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Lok Sabha Speaker Sumitra Mahajan, Leader of Opposition in the Rajya Sabha Ghulam Nabi Azad and many other Union Ministers.
Key Facts About Atal Bihari Vajpayee
- Late Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born on December 25, 1924, in Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh. He passed away on August 16, 2018.
- He was a member of the Indian Parliament for over four decades He was one of the founding members of the Bharatiya Jan Sangh. He worked as its President from 1968 to 1972 and then resigned in 1978. He became the first President of the BJP in 1980.
- He served as the Minister of External Affairs in the Cabinet of Prime Minister Morarji Desai from 26 March 1977 to 28 July 1979
- He served three terms as the Prime Minister of India – first term was for a term of 13 days in 1996, second was for a period of 13 months from 1998 to 1999 and the third was for a full term from 1999 to 2004
- He was the first non-Indian National Congress leader to serve a full-term as the Indian Prime Minister.
- Under his tenure, India had conducted the Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998. The Kargil War was also fought during his tenure.
- He had always given his best efforts to normalize and better relations with Pakistan.
- He was awarded the Bharat Ratna Award by the then Indian President Pranab Mukherjee in 2015.
- His birthday is observed as the Good Governance Day
- He is also known for his poetry.
- PM Modi had released a commemorative coin in memory of Mr. Vajpayee on December 24, 2018 on the occasion of his 94th Birthday
About the Portrait
The Parliament’s Portrait Committee chaired by Sumitra Mahajan decided to install the portrait in a meeting on December 18. Portraits of former PMs Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi also adorn the walls of Central Hall.