Australia Current Affairs
Researchers from University of Melbourne, Australian have found that superbug resistant to all known antibiotics and can cause severe infections or even death is spreading undetected through hospital wards across the world. They have discovered three variants of multidrug-resistant superbug in bacteria known as Staphylococcus epidermidis in samples collected from 10 countries, including strains in Europe that cannot be controlled by any drug currently in the market.
Scientists have found that bacteria known as Staphylococcus epidermidis is related to better-known and more deadly MRSA superbug. This bacterium is found naturally on human skin and most commonly infects elderly or patients who have had prosthetic materials implanted, such as catheters and joint replacements.
It can be deadly, but it is usually in patients who already are very sick in hospital and can be quite hard to eradicate and the infections can be severe. Some strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis bug have made mall change in its DNA that led to resistance to two of most common antibiotics.
These findings show urgent need for better understanding of how infections spread. Earlier, study had suggested some hospital superbugs are growing increasingly tolerant to alcohol-based disinfectants found in sanitisers and handwashes used on hospital wards.
Indian Naval Ship Sahyadri has reached Port of Darwin, Australia to participate in multilateral regional maritime exercise KAKADU 2018 conducted by Australia. The ship was earlier deployed in South China Sea and Pacific Ocean for over four months and had represented Indian Navy in multinational exercises MALABAR 18 at Guam and RIMPAC 18 at Hawaii.
It is premier multilateral regional maritime engagement hosted by Royal Australian Navy (RAN) and supported by Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). It was started in 1993. It is held biennially in Darwin and Northern Australian Exercise Areas (NAXA). Exercise KAKADU derives its name from Kakadu National Park, which is protected area in the northern territory of Australia and located 171 km south-east of Darwin.
KAKADU 2018 is fourteenth edition of exercise scheduled to be held between August 29 and September 18, 2018. It is aimed at enhancing inter-operability and development of common understanding of procedures for maritime operations. It will see participation of 23 warships, one submarine, 45 aircraft, 250 marines and approximately 52 foreign staff from over 25 different countries including India and China.
During the exercise, professional exchanges in harbour and diverse range of activities at sea, including complex surface, sub-surface and air operations will be conducted for sharing of best practices and honing of operational skills. Indian Navy’s participation in KAKADU-18 will provide it opportunity to engage with regional partners and undertake multinational maritime activities ranging from constabulary operations to high-end maritime warfare in combined environment.