Australia Current Affairs

India wins Under-19 World Cup 2018

India has won Under-19 ICC World Cup 2018 by defeating Australia by eight wickets. With this victory, India became first nation to win Under-19 World Cup four times. It was India’s sixth appearance in the under-19 World Cup finals. Australia had made into the final five times, winning the tournament three times.

Key Facts

The 2018 final match was played at Bay Oval, Mount Maunganui, New Zealand. Australia, choosing to bat first after winning the toss had set target of 216 runs (10 wickets) in 47.2 overs. India in the chase, scored 220-2 in the 39th over.

India’s opener Manjot Kalra who scored 101 runs from 102 balls became second player in history to score century in ICC U-19 World Cup final, after Unmukt Chand. Indian team was led by Parthiv Shah and was coached by former batsman Rahul Dravid.

ICC Under-19 Cricket World Cup

It is an international cricket tournament organised by International Cricket Council (ICC) and contested by national under-19 teams. It was first contested in 1988 as the Youth World Cup and later was not staged again until 1998. Since then, it is held as biennial event by the ICC.

Previous winners: Australia (1988), England (1998), India (2000), Australia (2002), Pakistan (2004), Pakistan (2006), India (2008),  Australia (2010), India (2012), South Africa (2014) and West Indies (2016)

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India selected as Chair of Ad Hoc Committee of Kimberley Certification Scheme

India was selected as Chair of Ad Hoc Committee on Review & Reforms to look into various issues pertaining to the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPSC) at recently held KP Plenary Session in Brisbane, Australia.

Angola will be the Vice Chair of this Adhoc Committee and will work with India and other members of Committee on reform issues related to changes in core document, expansion of scope of KP.

India was appointed as the Kimberly Process (KP) Vice Chair for 2018 & Chair for 2019 in the last plenary of KP held in Dubai in November, 2016. The EU will be KP Chair for 2018.

Kimberley Process

Kimberley Process is joint initiative of governments, industry and civil societies to stem flow of ‘conflict diamonds’, rough diamonds used by rebel groups to finance wars against legitimate governments. It is also described in United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions. India is one of the founding members of KPCS. At present, KPCS has 54 members representing 81 countries including EU with 28 members.

The KPCS came into effect from 1 January, 2003 through a United Nations General Assembly Resolution. It outlines the rules that govern trade in rough diamonds. It has evolved into effective mechanism for stopping trade in conflict diamonds. It sets minimum requirements that each participant must meet. In India, the scheme is administered through Department of Commerce under aegis of the Union Commerce and Industry Ministry.

Conflict diamonds

Conflict diamonds or blood diamonds are the rough diamonds used by rebel movements in the third world countries especially in Africa to finance (civil) wars with an aim to topple legitimate governments. The KPCS completely bans import and export of rough diamonds without certification.

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