Autism Current Affairs - 2019
Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link
The World Autism Awareness Day 2019 was celebrated on April 2nd with the theme ‘Assistive Technologies, Active Participation’.
The theme highlights the integral role technology plays in the development of people with any form of disability including autism. Technology is not only important for development it also ensures that people with disabilities enjoy their basic human rights and helps them tackle any issues they face as a member of the society.
The theme ‘Assistive Technologies, Active Participation’ also highlights the fact that assistive technologies are expensive and inaccessible to a large population living with autism. There is also a lack of guidance about the usage of assistive technologies and their efficiency throughout the globe.
Autism is a neurodevelopment disorder of variable severity which causes disruption in communication and social interaction. Autism is also characterized by repetitive behaviour and thoughts.
Genesis of the World Autism Awareness Day
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) announced April 2nd as World Autism Awareness Day in 2008. The day aims to make sure that no one, including people living with autism, are left behind. The day aims to make healthcare and technology more accessible to people living with autism.
Scientists from US for first time have developed a blood test to accurately predict whether a child has autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
The first of its kind of physiological test for analysing a blood sample opens the door to earlier diagnosis and potential future development of therapeutics.
- To develop this test, scientists had investigated patterns of several metabolites and found significant differences between metabolites of children with ASD and those that are neurotypical.
- These differences allowed them to categorise whether an individual is on the autism spectrum.
- This algorithm by measuring 24 metabolites from a blood sample can tell whether or not an individual has Autism spectrum and even to some degree where on the spectrum they land.
About Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
- ASD is characterised as a developmental disability caused by differences in the brain. It is estimated to affect about 1.5% of individuals and
- The physiological basis for ASD is not known, but genetic and environmental factors are both believed to play a role.
- People with ASD may communicate, interact, behave, and learn in ways that are different from most other people.
- Early intervention can improve development, but currently diagnosis depends on clinical observation of behaviour, that is considered as an obstacle to early diagnosis and treatment.