Automatic Identification System Current Affairs - 2020

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GOI: World’s largest Face Recognition system in India to track criminals

GoI has asked the IT companies across the world to send proposals to NCRB (National Crime Record Bureau) to install world’s largest facial recognition system. The winner of the bids will create National Automated Facial Recognition System (AFRS). The step is an effort towards information gathering, police force modernization, criminal identification and verification.

About AFRS

The System will match images from India’s CCTV camera network. The network will include data from various government agencies. This will help to create a robust system to identify criminals, missing chinldre, unidentified dead bodies, etc. With NCRB’s recent report on India’s crimes, the system will help to change the current scenario. The crimes have increased by 3.6% in 2017 as compared to 2015.

Constraints

There are possibilities for misuse of the technology. The system should have a strong security wall to protect the data collected. Also there should be a strong regulatory framework for facial recognition as it is linked to prople’s right to privacy. There is no such framework in India to regulate the storage of facial recognition data.

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ISRO Successfully launched Emisat Satellite into Orbit

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has successfully launched an electronic intelligence satellite ‘Emisat’ for the Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) along with 28 third party satellites.

About the Launch

The notable aspects of the launch were a new variant of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV); switching off and on the fourth stage engine couple of times; and the use of the fourth stage as an orbital platform carrying three experimental payloads.

PSLV first placed the 436 kg Emisat into a 749 km orbit. Then the rocket was brought down to put the 28 satellites into orbit, at an altitude of 504 km.

Then the rocket was brought down further to 485 km where the fourth stage/engine transformed into a payload platform carrying three experimental payloads:

  • Automatic Identification System (AIS) from ISRO – for maritime satellite applications capturing messages transmitted from ships.
  • Automatic Packet Repeating System (APRS) from AMSAT (Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation), India – to assist amateur radio operators in tracking and monitoring position data.
  • Advanced Retarding Potential Analyser for Ionospheric Studies (ARIS) from Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST) – for the structural and compositional studies of the ionosphere.

For the first time, the launch also demonstrated new technology of putting payloads into three different orbits with a new variant of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket.

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