Ayodhya Current Affairs - 2020

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Facts Box: Ayodya Verdict

Supreme Court recently pronounced its judgement on disputed land in Ayodhya in the Ram Janma Boomi-Babri Masjid case. In 5-0 verdict of the 5-bench judgement, SC said that the land should be handed over to the Hindu trust to build a Hindu temple. It also ordered the GoI to allocate 5 acres of land to the Muslim community to build a Mosque

SC’s judgement was based on ASI’s finding. The case was the longest in the history of Supreme Court after Keshvanand Bharti case.

ASI’s findings

  • Under Allahabad High Court’s court, the disputed site was taken by the ASI for investigation
  • On the whole there were 2 excavations conducted at the disputed site. One in 1976 and the other in 2003.
  • ASI found a circular temple that belonged to 7th century
  • ASI said that the disputed Mosque structure was built in 16th century on top of the ruins of the building
  • ASI also found ruins of Buddhist and Jain temples at the site. They were dated after 7th century
  • Among the ruins ASI found the remains of Kushan and Shung period to Gupta period

The Upcoming Ram Temple

  • The current blueprint of the temple finalized by Vishwa Hindu Parishad resembles the original temple
  • A total of 212 pillars are to be erected.
  • The temple will be 128 feet high, 140 feet in width and 270 feet in length.
  • No steel is to be used in the mammoth structure.
  • 75 lakh cubic feet of sandstone will be used.
  • The temple will have 5 entrances.

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Ayodhya Verdict

The Supreme Court on November 9, 2019 pronounced its judgement on Ayodhya Ram Janma Bhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute case. The security arrangements were tightened across the country before the pronouncement of the verdict. Section 144 was imposed in UP, Delhi and other states. Also schools and educational institutions were closed for the safety of the students.

SC verdict

Supreme Court cleared way for the construction of Ram Temple in the disputed 5-acre land. The court said that the Hindu side established their arguments that they possessed the outer courtyard. The Muslim side failed to prove the possession. It directed the center to allot 5-acre land to the Sunni Waqf Board for the construction of a mosque.

The verdict was pronounced by a 5 judge bench headed by the Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi. The bench also comprised of justices Ashok Bhushan, S A Bobde, D Y Chandrachud and S Abdul Nazeer. In a verdict 5-0, all the justices stood unanimous.

Timeline of Ayodhya Land Dispute

  • 1885: First Suit filed by Mahanth Raghubar Das to construct Ram Temple in Ayodhya.
  • 1949: Idols of Lord Ram found in side Babri Masjid.
  • Between 1950 and  1990 5 other suits were filed both by Hindu and Muslim religious organizations
  • 1992: Babri Masjid was demolished by dozens of right-wing activists.
  • 2010: The Allahabad High Court pronounced a judgement that divided the disputed land among three litigants namely Nirmohi Akhara, Sunni Waqf Board and Ram Lalla.

 

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