Bacteria Current Affairs - 2020

GoI launches 5 research projects to mitigate the spread of COVID-19

On April 3, 2020, the Government of India launched 5 research projects in order to control the spread of COVID-19. The projects neither focus on vaccines nor on medicines. GoI has been very clear and has also announced earlier that it is currently not into developing medicine for COVID-19. Rather the first priority is to mitigate the spread. The research projects were selected based on this plan.

The projects are to be supervised by the Department of Science and Technology

Project 1

The first project aims to search the metabolite biomarker signature for the virus. These markers will help in capturing the activities of the cell or an organism infected with the virus. This knowledge is base for developing potential drug for the vaccines

Project 2

The second project is to develop viricidal coatings that shall be used in surgical masks to prevent the spread of highly contagious viruses such as SARS, COVID-19, etc.

Project 3

The third project is to develop antiviral surface coatings to help prevent the spread of infections caused by influenza virus. The aim is to develop polymeric compounds that will be coated upon surfaces and will kill the viruses completely upon contact.

Project 4

The fourth project is to develop a material which when applied over surfaces will remove viruses and bacteria adhering to it.

Project 5

The fifth project is to develop antibody-based capture of COVID-19 and inactivate it using lipid based gel.

Intensification of Research in High Priority Areas Scheme

The projects have been launched under IRPHA scheme. The scheme is implemented by SERB, Science and Engineering Research Board. SERB operated under Department of Science and Technology. Apart from these 5 projects small projects like data driven approach to contain the spread of the virus is also being launched.

 

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Corona Virus Vaccine: UK starts testing on Mice; WHO says vaccine to be ready in 18 months

The scientists in UK have tested a new Corona Virus vaccine. The Shanghai University of China has also extracted a vaccine to treat the virus and has injected in to a mice recently.

The World Health Organization has also announced that the vaccine will be ready in 18 months. WHO recently named the virus as COVID-19.

Highlights

On February 10, 2020, WHO announced that the death toll of the corona virus has reached 1,000 and 99% of the deaths were from China. There are more than 43,000 cases in China currently.

About Corona Virus

The Corona Viruses are divided into 4 genera namely alpha, beta, gamma and delta. They are zoonotic. This means they can spread between animals and humans. Out of these, gamma and delta corona viruses generally infect birds. Alpha and Beta viruses reside in mammals.

Viruses are capable of infecting all forms of life. It includes plants, other micro organisms including bacteria, single celled organisms called archaea. The first virus was identified by Dmitri Ivanovsky in 1892. He described it as a non-bacterial pathogen.

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