Ballistic missile Current Affairs
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully flight tested indigenously developed surface-to-surface short-range tactical ballistic missile ‘Prahaar’. It was launched from mobile launcher from Launch Complex-III, Integrated Test Range (ITR), Balasore off Odisha Coast.
It is solid-fuelled surface-to-surface short-range tactical ballistic missile. It has been indigenously developed by DRDO. It has length of 7.3 meter, diameter of 420 mm and weighs 1,280 kg. It has operational range of 150 km and flight altitude of 35 km.
It is quick-reaction, all-weather, all-terrain, highly accurate battlefield support tactical missile with advance manoeuvring capability. It is capable of carrying multiple types of warheads weighing around 200 kg and neutralizing wide variety of targets.
It is fitted with inertial navigation system. It is also equipped with state-of-the-art navigation, guidance and electromechanical actuation systems with advanced on board computer. It can be launched from road mobile system, which can carry six missiles at time. It can also be fired in salvo mode in all directions from launcher.
Significance: Prahaar missile fills vital gap between Multi Barrel Rocket systems such as ‘Pinaka’ and medium range ballistic missiles such as Prithvi. It also fills short-range tactical battlefield missile role as required by Indian Army to take out strategic and tactical targets. It is comparable to MGM-140 Army Tactical Missile System of United States.
Indigenously developed short-range nuclear capable ballistic Agni-1 was successfully test-fired from mobile launcher located at Integrated Test Range of Dr Abdul Kalam Island (Wheeler Island) off the Odisha.
The missile was tested as part of a periodic training activity by the Strategic Forces Command (SFC) of the Indian Army to consolidate operational readiness. It is claimed to be part of India’s minimum credible deterrence under No first to use policy.
Agni-1 is indigenously developed intermediate range surface-to-surface, single-stage missile. It was developed by Advanced Systems Laboratory (ASL) in collaboration with Defence Research Development Laboratory (DRDL) and Research Centre Imarat (RCI). ASL is the premier missile development laboratory of DRDO.
The missile weighs around 12 tonnes and is propelled by a solid rocket propellant system. It is 15-metre-long and can carry both conventional as well as nuclear payloads (warheads) up to 1,000 kg. It has strike range of over 700 km. It is equipped with specialised navigation system that ensures it reaches target with high degree of precision.
The missile already has been inducted into the armed forces (service) in 2004. It has proved its performance in terms of range, accuracy and lethality. The last trial of missile was successfully conducted in November 2016 from the same base.