Ban on single use Plastic Current Affairs - 2020

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Delhi Airport: The First Single-use Plastic-free airport

The Delhi International Airport Limited (DIAL) has become the first airport in India to become free of single-use plastics. The airport committed itself to become single-use plastics free on the World Environment Day in 2018.

Highlights

DIAL has used eco-friendly alternatives to reduce the plastic use. The Plastic items that are exempted at the airport included sealed PET bottles, security tamper-evident bags, pre-packaged materials from manufacturers and compostable plastic bags.

This is important because it is the leading airport in the country with annual traffic of 68.5 million passengers per annum.

Significance

The step is being adopted to keep up India’s target of abolishing use of single-use plastics by 2022. This targets six main types of plastics that are plastic cups, bags, small bottles, plates, pouches and straws. The Swachh Bharat Mission is deployed in achieving the target.

Need

India produces 26,000 tonnes of plastic trash every day. Much of this trash is dumped in landfills, streets or spilled in waterways. Around 40% of the plastic used in the world is single-use plastic. Therefore, it is highly imperative to take serious actions to stop their usage.

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Facts Box: Vizag’s Battle against Plastics

The Vishakhapatnam Municipal Corporation has achieved great results from its long battle against plastic bags. The measures taken by the corporation and their strict implementation is the sole success in the battle.

Measures against use of Plastics

The corporation framed strict guidelines, fines against the local community using plastic bags. Especially, they were extended to the shop-keepers and vendors.

Fine

A fine of Rs 2,000/- was imposed on persons found using plastic carry bags. The Corporation has collected Rs 20 Lakh as fine in the last few months. An alternate of providing reusable bags on payment was encouraged among the shop keepers and street vendors.

Strict Vigil

The sellers, shop keepers and vendors were scrutinized largely as compared to the public. There around 40,000 shops in and around Vizag. Though it is difficult to keep an eye on every shop, around 20,000 of them are under strict vigil.

BRING YOUR OWN (BYO)

The Bring Your Own Campaign that was launched locally was a huge success. The effect is visible even at departmental stores.

After the imposition of the strict rules, the plastic waste being collected has greatly reduced. The Vizag Municipal Corporation collects 1,000 tons of garbage every day. Of this the plastic waste that contributed 10% has reduced to 6% after the implementation of rules and regulations. Of this 8% of the plastic waste collected is being used as substitute for bitumen in laying roads.

Recycling

Apart from this, the corporation had also encouraged recycling greatly. With the help of NGOs, the corporation has set up few recycling plants. Though their capacities are low (about 15-20 tons a day), they are expected to grow eventually.

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