Bandipur Tiger Reserve Current Affairs - 2020

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GoI maps Tiger Corridors in the country

On December 2, 2019, the Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change provided the details of tiger corridor mapping in Rajya Sabha. The corridors were mapped by the National Tiger Conservation Authority and Wildlife Institute of India. The institutes have mapped 32 corridors in all.

Tiger Corridors

The Corridors grouped under 4 major categories were listed state-wise. The corridors are located in the Shivalik hills and Gangetic plains, central India and Eastern Ghats, Western Ghats and the North Eastern hills. The corridors are operated under Tiger Conservation Plan. The plan is protected and implemented under section 38V of the Wildlife(Protection) act, 1972.

Shivalik hills and Gangetic Plains

In this region, there are 3 corridors. It includes Rajaji-Corbett in Uttarakhand; Corbett-Dudhwa in Uttarakhand, Nepal and UP; Dudhwa-Kishanpur-Katerniaghat in UP, Nepal.

Central India and Eastern Ghats

There are around 11 corridors in the region. It includes Ranthambhore-Kuno-Madhav in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan; Bandhavgarh-Achanakmar in MP, Chattisgarh; Bandhavgarh-Sanjay Dubri-Guru Ghasidas in MP; Guru Gahsidas-Palamau-Lawalong in Chattisgarh, Jharkhand; Kanha-Achanakmar in MP, Chattisgarh; Kanha-Pench in MP, Maharashtra, Pench-Satpura-Melghat in MP, Maharashtra.

The corridors in Eastern Ghats include Kanha-Navegaon Nagzira-Tadoba-Indravati in MP, Maharashtra, Chattisgarh, AP, Indravati-Sunabeda in Chattisgarh, Odisha, Similipal-Satkosia in Odisha and Nagarjunasagar-Sri Venkateshwara National Park in Andhra Pradesh.

Similarly, there are around 8 corridors in Western Ghats and 10 corridors in North Eastern India.

Significance

India is home to 70% of wild tigers in the world. The Central India is currently home to highest genetic diversity of tiger in the world. Tiger Corridors are highly important for their diversity. The tiger corridors are stretch of land that links two different tiger habitats. Without these corridors the habitats will become fragmented and tiger population will become isolated leading to local extinction.

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Fire at Bandipur Tiger Reserve

A major fire has broken out in the Bandipur Tiger Reserve and National Park in Chamarajanagar District of Karnataka. Hundreds of acres of forest area have been destroyed in the fire and the fire has even spread to the core area.

Due to the fire at the core area, huge damage and loss to the wildlife are expected. The strong winds are further causing a hindrance in controlling the fire.

Bandipur Tiger Reserve and National Park

Bandipur Tiger Reserve and National Park spread over an area of about 874.2 sq km is situated in the Chamarajanagar District of Karnataka. The National Park forms part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.

Originally the Maharaja of Mysore created a sanctuary of 90 km2 (35 sq mi) in 1931 and named it the Venugopala Wildlife Park. Later in the year 1973 Came into existence with an addition of nearly 800 km2 (310 sq mi) to the Venugopala Wildlife Park.

The Bandipur National Park is surrounded by the river Kabini in the north, River Moyar in the south and the River Nugu runs through the park. The Gopalaswamy Betta which is a Hindu pilgrimage centre and it also forms part of the National Park. the park has a variety of biomes including dry deciduous forests, moist deciduous forests and shrublands.

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