Bangladesh Current Affairs - 2020

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Bangladesh: Regularly submerging Island to house 100,000 Rohingya refugees

The Bangladesh Government has planned to accommodate 100,000 Rohingya refugees in its Bhasan Char Island.

Highlights

The island, Bhasan Char that is regularly submerged in water during monsoon has been fortified with embankments and flood protection to relocate Rohingyas here. However, the date of relocation has not been announced. Hospitals, mosques and houses have been built. There are more than 700,000 Rohingyas that fled to Bangladesh from Myanmar as the latter began ethnic cleansing of Rohingyas in their country.

Bhasan Char

The Island is also known as Hatiya Upazila. It is located at 37 miles from the coast. The Island has been fortified with Himalayan silt in 2006. It is under water between June and September due to monsoon rains. This is because Bangladesh is a low-lying Delta country formed by the two unification of two mighty Himalayan rivers Ganges and Brahmaputra.

Criticizations

The United Nations Refugee Agency termed the move of the Bangladeshi government as logistically challenging. Several other organizations like the Human Rights Watch criticized the move as humanitarian disaster.

India

India has been deporting Rohingyas to Myanmar. In 2017, the Union Ministry announced that there are around 40,000 Rohingyas living in India. Around 16,000 of them have been registered under United Nations as Refugees. They are spread across Delhi, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana and Tamil Nadu.

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Vijay Diwas celebrated across India

On December 16, 2019, India commemorated its victory over Pakistan in the war of 1971. India fought against Pakistan helping Bangladesh obtain its freedom and won the war. On the very same day, Bangladesh celebrates its independence.

Highlights

In order to commemorate India’s victory and to pay tribute to the soldiers who fought in the war, the three army chiefs reached war memorial in Delhi. They paid tribute to the brave soldiers who lost their lives in the war. PM Modi and Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and other senior leaders paid tribute to the soldiers as well. It was on this day, Pakistan army surrendered with 93,000 soldiers.

1971 war

India and Pakistan confronted each other with their military forces over freedom of Bangladesh for 13 days between 3rd December, 1971 and 16 December, 1971. The armies clashed with one another in the eastern and western fronts. The war ended on December 16, 1971 after the armies signed Instrument of Surrender, announcing Bangladesh a new nation.

NRC and the war

Government of India seals the date of NRC of Assam as 24th March, 1971. This is because, the war officially started on this particular date. On 24 March, 1971, Pakistan Army opened fired in Rangpur, Chittagong and Syedpur, killing more than 1000 people. After this the surge of immigrants from Bangladesh into Assam and other near by states increased. Therefore, the date of NRC is sealed to 24 March, 1971.

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