Banking Current Affairs

Government makes mandatory for Banks to match original IDs with photocopies

The Department of Revenue (DoR), Finance Ministry has made it mandatory for banks and financial institutions to check original identification documents of individuals dealing in cash above prescribed threshold to weed out  use of forged or fake copies.

In this regard, DoR has issued an official gazette notification making an amendment to Prevention of Money-laundering (Maintenance of Records) Rules.

Background

The Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA), 2002 forms core of legal framework to combat money laundering and generation of black money. The PMLA and its rules impose obligation on reporting entities like banks, financial institutions and intermediaries to verify identity of clients, maintain records and furnish information to Financial Intelligence Unit of India (FIU-IND). Intermediaries like chit fund company, stock broker, cooperative bank, housing finance institution and non-banking finance companies (NBFCs) are also classified as reporting entities.

New Rule

The new rule now requires reporting entity to compare copy of officially valid id produced by client with original and recording same on copy. It also has made mandatory for biometric identification number Aadhaar and other official documents requirement to be obtained by reporting entities from anyone opening bank account as well as for any financial transaction of Rs 50,000 and above. The same is also required for all cash dealing of more than Rs 10 lakh or its equivalent in foreign currency.

If valid document furnished does not contain updated address, utility bill like telephone, electricity, post-paid mobile phone, piped gas or water bill not more than two months old can be considered as a proof of address. Besides, property or municipal tax receipt, pension or family pension payment orders issued to retired employees by Government departments or letter of allotment of accommodation from employer can be also considered for same purpose.

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Government permits banks to sell more small savings schemes

The Union Finance Ministry has allowed banks, including top three private sector lenders to accept deposits under various small savings schemes in order to encourage savings.

Until now, most of the small savings schemes were sold through post offices. This decision will allow increase outlets for selling small savings scheme that will result in higher mobilisation under scheme.

Key Facts

Now banks are eligible to sell National Savings Time Deposit Scheme 1981, National Savings (Monthly Income Account) Scheme 1987, National Savings Recurring Deposit Scheme 1981 and NSC VIII issue. All public sector banks (PSBs) and top three in the private sector viz.  ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank and Axis Bank can receive subscription from the expanded portfolios. So far, these banks were allowed to receive subscription under Public Provident Fund (PPF), Kisan Vikas Patra-2014, Sukanya Samriddhi Account, Senior Citizen Savings Scheme-2004.

Small saving schemes

Small Savings Schemes are government run social welfare schemes that provide higher interest rate. These schemes are meant for small investors backed by a sovereign guarantee and tax benefits

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