Beijing Current Affairs - 2019

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9th Annual Defence and Security Dialogue between India and China held in Beijing

The 9th Annual Defence and Security Dialogue between India and China held in Beijing. It held between the two defence delegations headed by defence secretary Sanjay Mitra and China’s deputy chief of Joint Staff Department of the Central Military Commission. Mitra was accompanied by senior officials of Ministry of Defence and Indian Army, Navy and Air Force.

The defence dialogue was also held ahead of 21st round of border talks between the special representatives of the two countries in Chinese city of Dujiangyan on November 23-24, 2018. National security advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval and Chinese state councillor and foreign minister Wang Yi are designated special representatives for the border talks.

Background

The 9th Annual Defence and Security Dialogue was held after one-year gap due to Doklam standoff. It had not taken place last year following the 73-day tense standoff between two Indian and Chinese militaries at Doklam, The standoff was triggered by Chinese PLA’s plan to build road close strategically narrow ‘Chicken’s Neck’ corridor (or Siliguri corridor) connecting India’s northeastern states in an area also claimed by Bhutan besides China. It ended after Chinese troops stopped road construction after which both countries stepped up efforts to normalise relations leading to the informal summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Xi Jinping at Wuhan in April 2018.

Outcomes of 9th Dialogue

Both sides agreed to enhance exchanges and interactions through reciprocal high-level visits between two ministries of defence as well as between military commands, joint training exercises, mutual visits by defence personnel including mid-level and cadet officers were also agreed upon

They also reiterated importance of maintaining peace and tranquillity in border areas, implementing (Wuhan) consensus reached between PM Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping and specific additional confidence-building measures at the operational level.

They underlined importance of this dialogue as important mechanism between two countries for consultations on defence and security matters. They emphasised need to further strengthen military-to-military ties in order to strengthen political and strategic mutual trust between the two countries.

Both sides also had an exchange of views on regional and global issues. Both sides agreed to hold the next round of the dialogue at mutually convenient time in India in 2019.

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24th World Congress of Philosophy held in Beijing, China

The 24th World Congress of Philosophy (WCP) was held in Beijing, China from August 13 to 17, 2018. It was organized by the International Federation of Philosophical Societies, and Peking University. Its theme was “Learning To Be Human”. This was first time that the quinquennial (once in five year) event was held in China.

Key Facts

24th WCP event saw more than 1,000 activities such as plenary sessions, symposia, lectures and roundtables. More than 6,000 philosophers and academics from 121 countries and regions had attended the event. They had shared diverse philosophical thoughts and took part in dialogues focusing on major issues confronting development of global civilization and challenges that mankind will face in the future.

World Congress of Philosophy

It is global meeting of philosophers held every five years (quinquennialy) under auspices of International Federation of Philosophical Societies (FISP). It was first organized in 1900 in Paris, France and since it has become one of the largest philosophical events in the world. Its purpose is to contribute to development of professional relations between philosophers of all countries, promote philosophical education, and contribute to impact of philosophical knowledge on global problems. Each World Congress is sponsored by one of member societies in different country, which assumes responsibility for organization of that Congress.

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