Beijing Current Affairs - 2019

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China to host Conference on Dialogue of Asian Civilizations

China will be hosting a Conference on Dialogue of Asian Civilizations in Beijing, starting from 15 May to 22 May 2019. During the event an opening ceremony will be held by Chinese President Xi Jinping and six parallel sub forums will be conducted.

Key Highlights

  • About: Conference on Dialogue of Asian Civilizations (CDAC) is being held on 15 May 2019 in Beijing, China. As part of CDAC, the Chinese Ministry of Education, in collaboration with United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) will be organizing a parallel panel on “Safeguarding the Diversity of Asian Civilizations“.
  • Aim: It seeks to promote intercultural dialogue in view of building an “Asian Community of Shared Future” which will focus on cultural diversity, exchanges and mutual learning of Asia civilizations. It aims to enhance Asians’ rich cultural lives and contribute to vibrant regional development.
  • Theme: for CDAC is “exchanges and mutual learning among Asian civilizations and a community with a shared future”. It acknowledges the Asian solutions to benefit its people, Asian wisdom to promote political advancement, and Asian community with a shared future.
  • Participants: More than 2000 delegates from 47 Asian and other world countries, including heads of state, government officials, and high-level governmental representatives from UNESCO and other international organizations, educational institutions, celebrities, film and television think tanks are invited to attend conference.
  • Events: Asian civilization week, Asian civilization tours, tourism fairs, Asia cultural carnival and exhibitions, and Asian food festivals will be held on sidelines of CDAC.
  • Key Discussions: It will have dialogue about sharing experiences on Asian governance and Asian approaches to governance differing from Western one.
  • Significance:  CDAC provides a platform for interactions between young people, local communities and media and form cooperative network among think tanks. It might boost regional understanding and enhance cooperation between participants. It is also being seen in pursuance of fifth pillar (which is people-to-people exchanges) of China’s ambitious Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).

Background:

  • The idea of hosting CDAC was proposed by President Xi Jinping at Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) held in Shanghai, China in 2014.
  • Later, at Boao Forum for Asia (BFA) Annual Conference in 2015 conference was initiated by Chinese president Xi Jinping.
  • In 2016 also at the BFA, the session “Dialogue of Asian Civilizations” was held and guests from China, Singapore, Pakistan, Iran, and UNESCO participated in dialogues.

Month: Categories: International

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IQAir AirVisual 2018 World Air Quality Report

The IQAir AirVisual 2018 World Air Quality Report was compiled by Greenpeace in association with IQAir AirVisual. The index measures the presence of fine particulate matter PM2.5 in the air.

Findings of the Report

  • Seven of the top 10 most polluted cities in the world are in India.
  • Gurugram led all cities in pollution levels in 2018, even as its score improved from the previous year.
  • The five most polluted cities in the world are Gurugram, Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Bhiwadi (India) and Faisalabad (Pakistan).
  • 22 of the top 30 most polluted cities are in India. Remaining five are in China, two is in Pakistan and one is in Bangladesh.
  • Beijing, once among the most polluted cities in the world ranked 122nd in the list of the most polluted cities last year based on PM2.5 data.
  • Faisalabad in Pakistan, Hotan in China and Lahore were the only three non-Indian cities in the top 10.
  • 64% of the over 3000 cities studied exceeded the WHO’s annual exposure guideline for fine particulate matter PM2.5.
  • 100% of measured cities within the Middle East and Africa exceeded this guideline, while 99% of cities in South Asia, 95% of cities in Southeast Asia, and 89% of cities in East Asia also exceed this targe

The report identifies some of the major sources or causes of ambient air pollution which include emission of a complex mixture of air pollutants from Industries, households, cars, and trucks.

The report adds that fine particulate matter comes from fuel combustion, both from mobile sources such as vehicles and from stationary sources such as power plants, industry, households, agriculture or biomass burning.

Month: Categories: EnvironmentUPSC

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