Belarus Current Affairs - 2020

April 26: International Chernobyl Disaster Remembrance Day

Every year on April 26, the International Chernobyl Disaster Remembrance Day is being observed. The day was proclaimed by the United Nations and was first observed in 2016.

Highlights

The International Chernobyl Disaster Remembrance Day was first observed on the 30th anniversary of 1986 nuclear disaster. It is being marked to increase awareness about the risks of nuclear energy in general.

Chernobyl Disaster

On April 26, 1986, the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in today’s Ukraine faced a fore explosion. The reactor began to emit radioactive materials. Though, the casualties are minimal, the radioactive materials are still present in the atmosphere and are posing challenges to human survival in the region. Due to the accident, several children even today are facing thyroid, cancer in the regions of Ukraine, Russia and Belarus.

Significance

The fire explosion spread huge radioactive cloud over Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. More than 8.4 million people were exposed to radioactive waves. In 1991, the Chernobyl Trust Fund was created by the United Nations. It is now being managed by the OCHA-Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

Role of United Nations

The United Nations that was formed for world peace after second world war is keen in addressing nuclear issues after the Hiroshima and Nagasaki incident.

Author Svetlana Alexievich wins 2015 Nobel Prize in Literature

Author Svetlana Alexievich of Belarus has been selected for prestigious 2015 Nobel Prize in Literature.

The Swedish Academy has selected Svetlana for her polyphonic writings, courage and a monument to suffering.

With this she became 14th women Literature Laureate and she is also the first writer from Belarus to receive this award.

About Svetlana Alexievich

  • She was born on 31 May 1948 in the Ukrainian town of Ivano-Frankivsk.
  • She had studied journalism at the University of Minsk between 1967 and 1972.
  • Later she worked as a journalist for several years and published her first book War’s Unwomanly Face in 1985.
  • Using her journalistic skills, she has created a literature chronicling the great tragedies of
    World War II, Soviet Union and its collapse, Soviet war in Afghanistan and 1986 Chernobyl nuclear disaster.
  • Her best-known works: Voices from Chernobyl (2005), Zinky Boys: Soviet Voices from the
    Afghanistan War (1992),
  • Awards: reviously, she had won the Swedish PEN prize in 2007 for her courage and dignity as a writer.