Bhagat Singh Current Affairs - 2020

March 23: Shaheed Diwas

Every year, March 23rd is celebrated as Shaheed Diwas or Martyr’s Day. The Day is observed to commemorate the courage and heroism of three great young leaders Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru.

Highlights

The Day is also celebrated as Martyr’s Day in the country. Several Schools and Colleges pay tribute and express their gratitude on this day.

Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh was born in 1907. He popularised the phase “Inquilab Zindabad”. This means Long Live Revolution.

Other Martyr’s Day Observed in India

On January 30, India observes Martyrs Day to mark the assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. On May 19, Language Martyr’s Day is marked in the memory of 15 Bengalis who sacrificed their lives in Bengali Language Movement

On October 21, Police Martyr Day is marked. It is also called Police Martyr’s Day. On October 21, the CRPF at the Indo-Tibetan Border were ambushed by the Chinese forces.

On November 17, Odisha Government marks Martyr’s Day to commemorate the death anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai.

On November 19, Maharashtra observes Martyr’s Day to celebrate the birth anniversary of Rani Lakshmi Bhai.

India observes Shaheed Diwas

On March 23rd, India observed Shaheed Divas or Martyr’s Day as a tribute to the Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru on their death anniversary. The supreme sacrifice of these revolutionaries continues to inspire generations in India.

Sacrifice of Great Revolutionaries

Bhagat Singh along with his associates Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru were hanged to death for the killing 21-year-old British police officer John Saunders on March 23rd 1931.

The revolutionaries had mistaken Saunders for Superintendent James Scott, who was responsible for leading a lathi charge against Lala Lajpat Rai protesting against the Simon Commission. Lala Lajpat Rai famously referred to as Lion of Punjab had died due to the attack during the protests against the Simon Commission.

After escaping from the murder scene of Saunders, Bhagat Singh with his associate Batukeshwar Dutt had bombed the Delhi Central Assembly against the passing of two repressive bills, the Public Safety Bill and the Trade Dispute Bill. The bombs were designed to be harmless and aimed at drawing attention. Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt had surrendered themselves to police after the incident.

January 30

January 30 which marks the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi is also observed as the Martyrs Day to honour our brave martyrs who have sacrificed their lives for the country.