Bihar Current Affairs

NMCG approves Eight Projects under Namami Gange Programme

The Executive Committee of National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has approved eight projects worth Rs. 700 crore under Namami Gange Programme

The four projects pertain to sewage management in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal, three are related to treatment of drains through bio-remediation and one related to inventorization and surveillance of Ganga River.

Approved projects

Pollution abatement works: Projects like interception, diversion and treatment of sewage in Bithoor have been approved.

Sewage management: The project has been approved in Ganga River at Bally in West Bengal for construction of 40 MLD STP under Hybrid Annuity based PPP model among other works.

Similarly, construction of 65 MLD STP under Hybrid Annuity model has been approved for Bhagalpur in Bihar. In Uttar Pradesh, the project is approved for construction of two STPs (28 MLD + 05 MLD) in Farrukabad and one 2 MLD STP at Bargadiya drain in Fatehpur.

Treatment of drains using bio-remediation technology: Three projects were approved at ajapur drain and Digha drain in Patna and Laksar drain in Haridwar.

Pollution inventorization, assessment and surveillance Project: It aims to strengthen environmental regulation and water quality monitoring vis-à-vis river Ganga.

National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG)

NMCG is implementation wing of National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection and Management of River Ganga (also referred as National Ganga Council). It was established in 2011 as a registered society under Societies Registration Act, 1860.

It has a two tier management structure and comprises of Governing Council and Executive Committee. Both of them are headed by Director General (DG), NMCG. Executive Committee is authorized to approve projects under mission up to Rs.1000 crore.

Similar to structure at national level, State Programme Management Groups (SPMGs) acts as implementing arm of State Ganga Committees. This structure attempts to bring all stakeholders on one platform to take a holistic approach towards the task of Ganga cleaning and rejuvenation.

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Satya Pal Malik sworn-in as governor of Bihar

Satya Pal Malik (71) was sworn-in as 35th Governor of Bihar. He was administered oath to office by Chief Justice of Patna High Court Rajendra Menon.

He succeeds West Bengal Governor Keshari Nath Tripathi who was holding additional charge of Bihar after the elevation of Ram Nath Kovind as President.

Satya Pal Malik

He hails from Baghpat district in western Uttar Pradesh. Prior to this appointment, he was national vice-president of BJP. He had begun his political career in 1970s as member of UP Legislative Assembly between 1974 and 1977.

He was elected from Aligarh Lok Sabha constituency on Janata Dal ticket in 1989-90. He also served as a member of Rajya Sabha for two terms of 1980-86 and 1986-1992. He has also served as MoS for Parliamentary Affairs, and Tourism. He has also served in several Parliamentary Committees.

Constitutional provisions of Governor

Article 153: It says that there shall be Governor for each state. But 7th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1956 facilitated appointment of same person as a governor for two or more states.

Article 156: Governor is appointed by President for term of 5 years but usually holds office during pleasure of President. There is no provision of impeachment, as it happens for the president.

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