Bihar [BPSC] Current Affairs - 2020
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The Supreme Court has dismissed the pleas of the states of Punjab, Kerala, West Bengal, Haryana and Bihar which sought implementation of their local laws regarding the selection and appointment of DGPs.
Dismissing the petition the Supreme Court held that the directions of the court on selection and appointment of DGPs were issued in larger public interest and to protect the police officials from political interference.
Directions issued by the Supreme Court in appointing DGPs
The Supreme Court had issued following directions to the states on appointing DGPs:
- The states and Union Territories are required to send names of senior police officers to the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for being considered as probable candidates for the post of DGPs or police commissioners (as per applicability)
- The UPSC would then prepare a list of three most suitable candidates out of the list of names sent by states and Union Territories.
- The states are free to appoint any one of them as the police chief.
- It is mandatory for the states to send the list of senior police officers to the UPSC at least three months prior to the retirement of the incumbent.
- The UPSC would then form a committee and intimate the state concerned, which in turn will immediately appoint one of the persons from among that list.
However, the Supreme Court had granted some relaxation to the states which already had laws related to appointment of DGPs. The Supreme Court had asked those states to move a plea before it, seeking modification of the order.
States of Punjab, Kerala, West Bengal, Haryana and Bihar had sought the modifications of the Supreme Court order citing their local laws.
Tags: appointment of DGP • Bihar [BPSC] • Haryana [HPSC] • Kerala • Punjab [PPSC]
The Quality Council of India undertook a survey on the status of sanitation across cities and towns on the bank of River Ganga for the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. There are 39 towns on the banks of river in West Bengal, 20 in Uttar Pradesh, 17 in Bihar and 14 and two towns respectively in Uttarakhand and Jharkhand.
Findings of the Survey
The findings of the Survey are:
- Four out of five towns along the River Ganga have waste dumps along the banks and nearly 55 per cent of the towns have drains emptying into the river without any cleaning.
- Only 19 towns had municipal solid waste (MSW) plants and only 7 towns in the plains can claim installation of a trash cleaner in their territory.
- 72 per cent of towns have nullahs (drains) discharging into the river and 77 per cent of these drains do not have functional screens that filter out filth.
- 12 towns have scored A, 44 B-grade and the rest scored a poor C grade in performance.
- Poor-performing towns were in states of West Bengal, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.
Grade A – Towns had good cleanliness and waste management services.
Grade B – Towns managed only a partial cleanliness around the ghats.
Grade C- Towns have a lot to do to achieve over improvement in cleanliness, solid waste management and in setting up infrastructure at treating sewage flowing into the river.
Quality Council of India
The Quality Council of India (QCI) is an accreditation body established by the government of India in partnership with the Indian industry.
Quality Council of India (QCI) is set up as a non-profit autonomous society to establish an accreditation structure in the country and to spread quality movement in India by undertaking a National Quality Campaign.
Tags: Bihar [BPSC] • Jharkhand • Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs • municipal solid waste • National Quality Campaign