Bihar [BPSC] Current Affairs - 2020

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Indo-French collaboration: Largest FDI project of Indian Railways

The Indian Railways and Alstom came together in the intention of transforming the freight transportation of India. In line with the collaboration, the MELPM-Madhepura Electric Locomotive Private Limited has been established. MELPM will now manufacture 800 electric locomotives for freight services with the foreign investment of 3.5 billion Euros.


  • The locomotives including the bogies have been redesigned
  • Under the agreement, around 10 locomotives are to be delivered by the end of 2019-20 financial year and 100 locomotives by the end of March 2021
  • A factory along with township has been set up as part of the project in Madhepura, Bihar. The factory can manufacture 120 locomotives per year.
  • More than 300 engineers from India and France are working on the project currently


  • More than 90% of the parts of the locomotives are to be manufactured in India. This is being done under Make in India initiative
  • The project under the Corporate Social Responsibility initiative will set up skill centers that will impart training to local people
  • More than 50% jobs are allocated to the locals of the region.


As the locomotives are 100% electrified it will not only bring down operational cost but will also reduce congestion faced by the railways

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Fact Box: Mathematician Vashishtha Narayan Singh

Renowned mathematician Vashishtha Narayan Singh, who came to be known as India’s Einstein, passed away in Patna on 14 November. Born in Bihar, the 74 year old Vashishtha was suffering from a prolonged mental illness schizophrenia from the last 35 years.  He earned worldwide recognition when he challenged Einstein’s theory.

About Vashishtha Narayan Singh

He was born in a poor family in Basanatpur village of Bihar’s Bhojpur district on 2 April 1942. He moved to America in 1965 and finished his PhD on ‘reproducing kernels and operation with a cycle vector‘ from University of California, Berkely in 1969. He then went on to become an associate professor at Washington University and later even worked in US Space Agency NASA where he surprised many people with his mathematic skills. But in 1971 he returned to India and worked at IIT Kanpur, IIT Bombay and ISI Kolkata.

He was fond of books, pens and diaries and after he returned from the US, he brought back 10 boxes of books with him. It is also said that at the time of launch of Apollo, the mathematical calculation done by Vashishtha Narayan were exactly same as computer’s calculations.

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