bilateral agreement Current Affairs - 2020

India-European Union sign Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation

On July 25, 2020, India and European Union renewed their agreement on scientific and technological cooperation for the next five years. The agreement was signed in 2001 and was renewed in the past twice in 2007 and 2015.

Highlights

According to the agreement, India and European Union agreed to renew their scientific cooperation for the years 2020-25. The agreement was renewed at the 15th India-EU summit that was held virtually.

The agreement was signed to address challenges such as water, affordable health care, energy, food, and nutrition. Also, the cooperation focused on green transport, water, clean energy, e-mobility, manufacturing, sustainable urban development, nanotechnologies, advanced materials, and ocean research.

What is the plan?

The researchers and innovators from both India and European Union are to be mobilized. The network of researchers in both sides are to be promoted. This is to be achieved by setting up joint platforms, engaging coaching, training and through staff exchanges.

India-European Union Summit

The 15th India-European Union Summit was held virtually. India was led by PM Modi and European Union was led its president Ms Ursula von der Leyen and other delegates. A roadmap was created at the summit for 2020-25. The roadmap, however, did not create any legally binding rights or obligations. It also did not include financial allocations.

India-Israel sign agreements on Cyber Security

On July 15, 2020, India and Israel signed agreements to expand their collaboration in dealing with cyber threats. The agreement was signed between Director General of Israel’s National Cyber Directorate (INCD) and India’s Ambassador to Israel Sanjeev Singla.

Highlights

The agreement also involved Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) that operates under Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology and INCD. The agreement will expand the scope of exchange of information between the countries on cyber threats.

The agreement lays down cooperation in capacity building and mutual exchange of best practices in the field.

Background

Cyber Security was identified as one of the important areas of cooperation by the leaders of India and Israel when PM Modi visited Israel in 2017. The countries also signed cyber security agreements in 2018. Also, Lt General Rajesh Pant, National Cyber Security Coordinator visited Israel in 2019 to attend Cyber Week.

Significance

The COVID-19 crisis is changing the work culture all over the world. Industries and Enterprises are minimizing physical presence of their employees. The Work from Home culture is increasing massively. So has the cyber threats lately.

India ranks 11th in the world wide cyber-attacks. In Q4 alone, number of local cyber threats detected in India account to 40 lakhs. Therefore, it is important for India to increase its international cooperation on cyber attacks.