Bills and Acts Current Affairs

Tamil Nadu Assembly unanimously passes Jallikattu Bill

The special session of Tamil Nadu Assembly has unanimously passed Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Tamil Nadu Amendment), Act, 2017 to lift Supreme Court imposed ban on the traditional sport of Jallikattu.

The bill will now replace the ordinance promulgated in this regard by the Governor on the recommendation of state government.

Key Facts 
  • The bill amends section 2 of the Prevention of Cruelty of Animals (PCA) Act, 1960. It defines jallikattu as a traditional sport involving bulls.
  • It allows state government to conduct it in notified places on any day from January to May. It also allows other sports involving bulls- vadamadu, manjuviratu, and erudhuvidumvizha performed in different parts of Tamil Nadu.
  • Earlier the state government had promulgated the ordinance in a bid to defuse the raging protests across the state demanding lifting of the ban on jallikattu.
Background

Jallikattu, a bull taming sport is traditionally held as part of the four-day Pongal festival (harvest festival) in the Tamil Nadu. It is bull taming sport in which a bull vaulter is expected to hang on to the animal’s hump for a stipulated distance or hold on to the hump for a minimum of three jumps made by the bull. The Supreme Court in May 2014 banned the conduct of Jallikattu over the issue of animal cruelty.

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Committee constituted to set rules for implementation of Disabilities Act, 2016

The Union Government has constituted committee (Working Group) to frame uniform rules for the states to avoid delay in proper implementation of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 across the country.

The Committee will be headed by Secretary from Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD). It will submit its report within three months.

Composition: It will comprise of representatives from the Union Ministry of Health, DoPT, Labour, Legislative Department and representatives from NGOs as members.

It will also have Principal Secretary/Secretary, Social Welfare Department from Karnataka, Gujarat, Odisha, Assam, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

Terms and References of Committee: Suggest model draft rules for the states in order to have a uniform rules across the country and also to avoid delay in finalization of rules by any state.

Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016

  • The Act was notified in December 2016, after it received assent of President. It comprehensively covers a whole spectrum of problems from physical disabilities to mental illness and multiple disabilities under it.
  • It raises number of disabilities from 7 to 21. It also raises reservation in government jobs for persons with benchmark disabilities from present 3% to 4% and in higher education from 3% to 5% per cent.
  • It includes mental illness, autism, spectrum disorder, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, chronic neurological conditions, specific learning disabilities, speech and language disability, sickle cell disease, deaf ,blindness, acid attack and Parkinsons disease under the definition of disability.
  • The Act aims to bring Indian laws in line with the United Nations Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities, to which India became a signatory in 2007.
  • Once it comes into effect, every child with benchmark disability between the age group of 6 and 18 years will have the right to free education.

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