Bills and Amendments Current Affairs

Cabinet approves 4 New National Institutes Of Design

Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved proposal for introduction of Bill in Parliament for amendment of National Institutes of Design (NID) Act, 2014  for establishing four new NIDs across the country.

These four new NIDs are

  • National Institute of Design, Amaravati/Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh.
  • National Institute of Design, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.
  • National Institute of Design, Jorhat, Assam.
  • National Institute of Design, Kurukshetra, Haryana.

Key Features of Bill

The amendment will bring these four new NIDs within ambit NID Act, 2014 and to declare them as Institutions of National Importance (INIs) at par with NID, Ahmedabad. The proposed Bill also brings makes some minor amendments to this Act such as to include consequential amendments considered necessary to re-name NID Vijayawada as NID Amaravati and nomenclature of Principal Designer as equivalent to Professor.

Significance

Establishment of new NIDs as Institutions of National Importance in different geographical regions of country will help produce highly skilled manpower in design sector which in turn, will create job opportunities, both direct and indirect. It will also provide sustainable design interventions for crafts, handloom, rural technology, small, medium and large scale enterprises; and outreach programmes for capacity, capability and institution building.

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Parliament passes Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Second Amendment) Bill, 2018

Parliament has passed Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Bill, 2018 to bring relief to home buyers and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). The Bill replaces ordinance promulgated in this regard and amends  Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016.

Key Features of Bill

The Bill recognises home buyers as financial creditors in the real estate project and giving them due representation in the Committee of Creditors (CoC), thus providing significant relief to home buyers. It will allow home buyers to invoke Section 7 of IBC, 2016 against errant developers.

This will allow financial creditors to file application seeking insolvency resolution process. As financial creditors, home buyers will be able to participate in decision-making process when developers are declared bankrupt under IBC, 2016. The bill also proposes to reduce minimum voting threshold for Committee of Creditors (CoC) to 66%, from 75% for key decisions.

Besides, the Bill also benefits Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector from IBC. It allows promoter of MSME to bid for their own enterprise undergoing the insolvency resolution process as long as they are not wilful defaulters.

Background

The IBC, 2016 provides time-bound process to resolution of insolvency among companies and individuals. Insolvency is situation where individual or company is unable to repay their outstanding debt. Government in November 2017 had set up Insolvency Law Committee to review IBC and identify issues in its implementation and suggest changes. The Committee had made several recommendations such as exempting MSMEs from certain provisions of IBC, treating allottees under real estate project as financial creditors, reducing voting thresholds of committee of creditors (CoC), among others. Subsequently, President had promulgated Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018 in June 2018 after approval of Central Government.

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