BIMSTEC Current Affairs - 2020

Disaster Management Exercise of BIMSTEC NDRF begins in Bhubaneswar

The National Disaster Response Force of Government of India is to host the second BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise-2020 (BIMSTEC DMEx-2020). The exercise is to be held in Bhubaneswar, Odisha between February 11, 2020 and February 13, 2020.

The main objective of the exercise is to test the existing emergency procedures, disaster problems, during flood, earthquake and storms. The exercise will also stress upon restoring heritage sites damaged due to disasters.

Highlights

The BIMSTEC countries namely Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Nepal are to participate in the exercise. The other two BIMSTEC countries namely Thailand and Bhutan are not participating in the exercise this time. The exercise includes Table Top Exercise on Hotel Myfair. The Hotel is a collapsed structure. On the second day, field training exercise is to be held on aquatic disaster response that will focus on Ramachndi beach in Puri. The beach is a cultural heritage site.

Theme

The exercise is held under the theme

Theme: A Cultural Heritage Site that suffers severe damage in the Earthquake and Flooding or Storm

BIMSTEC: International Seminar on Climate Smart Farming Systems held in New Delhi

A three day “International Seminar on Climate Smart Farming systems” is being held in New Delhi. It was inaugurated on December 11, 2019. The seminar is being organized by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.

Highlights

The seminar is attended by all the seven BIMSTEC countries. It includes Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, India, Thailand and Myanmar. The seminar focuses on adopting technological interventions in small holding farming. It will also give attention to targets set by BIMSTEC countries in reducing emissions at those levels to mitigate agricultural situations.

The objective of the seminar is to enable improvement of tropical small holder farming system that are resilient to climate change and will provide greater productivity.

BIMSTEC

The seminar is being organized by Government of India as an initiative at the fourth BIMSTEC summit that was held at Katmandu in August 2019. As all the BIMSTEC countries are lying in adjacent areas of Bay of Bengal and have similar type of climate, the solutions provided at the seminar are suitable and more reliable for all the countries.

Climate Smart Agriculture

According to FAO, Climate Smart Agriculture is an approach that reorients agriculture towards food security in a changing climate. FAO also hosts Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture. It aims to improve nutrition, food security and resilience. The alliance has three aspirational outcomes namely improving farmers, building climate resilient farmers and reducing green house gases emitted due to agriculture.