Biodiversity Current Affairs - 2020

Nagar Van Scheme

On June 5, 2020, the Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar launched the “Nagar Van” scheme. The scheme was launched to mark the Environment Day.

Key Features

The scheme emphasises on urban forestry. Under the scheme, around 200 urban forests are to be developed all over the country in next five years.

Also, a film was played that narrated about the initiatives of Punaikars along with the Department of Forests. The film also iterated the fact that 16.8 hectares of barren hill has now been converted into green forests. Today the forest is rich in biodiversity. It has 23 plant species, 15 butterfly species, 29 bird species, 10 reptiles. The forest now helps in maintaining ecological balance. This Warje Urban forest will act as a role model for the rest of the country

India

India has 8% of world biodiversity with only 2.5% of world land mass. It should also carry 16% of humans and cattle as well. Also, the fresh water availability in the second most populous country in the world is just 4%.

June 5: World Environment Day

Every year the World Environment Day is celebrated on June 5. This year the day is being celebrated under the theme

Theme: Celebrate Biodiversity

Highlights

This year, in 2020, the day is to be hosted in Colombia in partnership with Germany. The day was hosted by India in 2018. It was then India emphasized on prevention of Plastic pollution. In 2019, the day was hosted by China under the theme “Air Pollution”.

Background

The day was first designed by the United Nations in 1972 during the United Nations Conference on Human Environment. However, it was first celebrated in 1974.

Significance of the theme

Biodiversity is important for the survival of all the living organisms. The theme is significant as human beings are part of the ecosystem and cannot live in isolation.

The interdependence of humans and webs of life can very well be learnt from the recent locust attacks, COVID-19 pandemic and bush fires.