Biodiversity Loss Current Affairs - 2020

GoI launches 5 initiatives towards Conservation of Biodiversity

On May 22, 2020, to celebrate the International Day for Biological Diversity, 2020, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change launched five initiatives on conservation of biodiversity.

Highlights

The five initiatives include the following

  • The “Biodiversity Samrakshan Internship Programme” was launched. It aims at engaging 20 students in post graduate programme for a period of 1 year. The programme will engage creative students that are willing to learn about biodiversity conservation and natural resource management.
  • The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) campaign called Illegal Trafficking of Endangered Species was launched. The campaign is called “Not All Animals Migrate by Choice”.
  • The Wildlife Crime Control Bureau campaign called Not All Animals Migrate by Choice was launched.
  • A Webinar series was launched. The series was on “Biodiversity Conservation and Biological Diversity Act, 2002”.
  • The World Wildlife Fund Model Conference of Parties was launched. It includes younger generation. This will engage them towards imprint of humanity towards biodiversity.

International Day of Biological Diversity

Every year, the International Day of Biological Diversity is celebrated by the United Nations. The day is celebrated under the theme “Our Solutions are in Nature”.

Super Year for Biodiversity

The United Nations framed 20 global actions to be implemented between 2010 and 2020. This is called Strategic Plan for Biodiversity. The year 2020 is called Super Year for Biodiversity.

Cabinet approves Pesticide Management Bill 2020

On February 12, 2020 the Union Cabinet approved to table the Pesticide Management Bill, 2020 in Parliament. The bill aims at making safe and effective pesticides for farmers. The main aim of the bill is to replace the Insecticides Act, 1968.

Key Features

The bill includes provisions to provide compensation when there is farm loss due to use of low-quality pesticides. The loss of farmers is to be paid using funds collected from the manufacturers. The information regarding the pesticides available in the market is to be made available in digital format. This will help farmers make the right choice.

Pesticides in India

Around 234 pesticides are used in India. Out of these 4 belongs to WHO’ Ia class pesticides, 15 belong to WHO Ib class pesticide. There are 76 pesticides that belong to WHO Class II pesticides. Also, only 40% of the pesticides used in the country are registered.

WHO classification

The WHO classifies pesticides based on the hazards created by them. They are as follows

  • Class Ia are extremely hazardous pesticides
  • Class Ib are highly hazardous pesticides
  • Class II are Moderately Hazardous pesticides
  • Class III are Slightly Hazardous pesticides