Biodiversity Loss Current Affairs - 2020

Cabinet approves Pesticide Management Bill 2020

On February 12, 2020 the Union Cabinet approved to table the Pesticide Management Bill, 2020 in Parliament. The bill aims at making safe and effective pesticides for farmers. The main aim of the bill is to replace the Insecticides Act, 1968.

Key Features

The bill includes provisions to provide compensation when there is farm loss due to use of low-quality pesticides. The loss of farmers is to be paid using funds collected from the manufacturers. The information regarding the pesticides available in the market is to be made available in digital format. This will help farmers make the right choice.

Pesticides in India

Around 234 pesticides are used in India. Out of these 4 belongs to WHO’ Ia class pesticides, 15 belong to WHO Ib class pesticide. There are 76 pesticides that belong to WHO Class II pesticides. Also, only 40% of the pesticides used in the country are registered.

WHO classification

The WHO classifies pesticides based on the hazards created by them. They are as follows

  • Class Ia are extremely hazardous pesticides
  • Class Ib are highly hazardous pesticides
  • Class II are Moderately Hazardous pesticides
  • Class III are Slightly Hazardous pesticides

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WEF: Global Risks Report, 2020

On January 15, 2020, the World Economic Forum released its Global Risks Report. Under the report, the Forum has identified the global risks.

Top Risks

The top 5 Global risks according to the report are as follows

  • The Forum reported that Climate-related risks had the greatest likelihood of severe impacts.
  • The other threats include geopolitical turbulence. The retreat from multilateralism has threatened the ability of the world to deal the global risks.
  • The current economic stagflation according to the report will increase. This might even lead to increased social issues, protests, increased populists movements.
  • Though the Digital Technology is in its peak of evolution, the unequal access of the technology across the globe will increase.
  • The social demographic, environmental and technological pressure on health systems is growing.

Top Highlights of the Report

The Report has listed 5 top risks in the terms of Likelihood and in terms of Impact. The global risks in terms of likelihood includes extreme weather, climate action failure, natural disasters, biodiversity losses and human-made environmental disasters. For the first time in the history of the report, all the five risks of likelihood is climate-related.

The Global Risks in terms of impacts include climate action failure, weapons of mass destruction, biodiversity losses, extreme weather and water crisis.

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