Biometric Data Current Affairs - 2020

Census 2021 and NPR updation postponed due to COVID-19 pandemic

The GoI had planned to conduct Census 2021 in two phases. The first phase was scheduled between April-September 2020 and the second phase was scheduled in February 2021. Also, the updation of NPR has also been postponed due to the spread of Corona Virus.

National Population Register

The NPR updation was scheduled to be conducted along with Census 2021. It is to be conducted by the office of Registrar General of India operating under Ministry of Home Affairs. Assam was the only state that was to be kept out of the NPR process as updation of the register for the state of Assam was done under National Register of Citizens.

Background

The data for NPR was first collected in 2010 along with Census 2011. The data was further updated in 2015 under a door-to-door survey. The NPR collects biometric and demographic data. The Biometric data is to be updated through Aadhar details. This is the first time NPR is collecting biometric data. Earlier in 2010, only demographic details were collected. Later in 2015, the data was updated with Aadhaar, ration card numbers and mobile numbers.

Bengal becomes the fourth state to pass resolution against CAA

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act was legislated by the Parliament during this winter session. However, several states are agitating over the non-inclusion of Muslims in the law. Kerala was the first state to pass a resolution against the act. Recently, the state of West Bengal has passed similar resolution.

Highlights

After Kerala, Punjab and Rajasthan, West Bengal passed a resolution against CAA. According to West Bengal, the act does not stick to secularism. Also, the state claims that NPR, CAA and NRC are co-related.

NPR

NPR is National Population Register that holds the names of the residents of India. The register is prepared and updated based on the Citizenship Act 1955 and Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Card) rules, 2003. The NPR was updated in 2010 and the details were collected along with the Census of India, 2011.

The register holds biometric and demographic details of the residents.

Legislation

Section 14A of the Citizenship Act says that the Central Government has to register every citizen compulsorily and issue an identity card to him. Also, the Government shall maintain a register of Indian Citizens. In order to achieve this, it shall establish a National Registration Authority.