BIS Current Affairs - 2020

Bhabha Kavach: New bullet proof jacket developed by BARC-to be used by CISF

The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre developed a new bullet proof jacket called Bhabha Kavach. The jackets are to be used by the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF).


Around 5 pieces of Bullet proof jackets were handed over to the CISF. The nominal weight of the jacket is 6.8kg. It is the lightest level-3 plus jacket. It has been produced based on carbon nanotube and hot- pressed boron carbide technologies

The product is a substitute for imports and has been introduced under Make in India initiative. It has been approved by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and National Institute of Justice.

The Jacket is capable of stopping hard steel core bullets that are fired from AK 47 and self-loading rifles and bolt action rifles.

About the jacket

The jacket is lightest of its kind as compared to the other jackets that weigh around 17 kgs. The Ministry of Home Affairs has approved to induct the jacket into all Central Armed Police Forces. The jackets will be produced at large scale in Ordnance Factories and MIDHANI (Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited) through transfer of technologies.

The ordnance Factories where the jackets are to be produced will be decided by the Ordnance Factory Boards.

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New Rules to sell hallmarked gold Artifacts

On January 14, 2020, the GoI announced that Indian jewellers shall be allowed to sell hallmarked gold artifacts that are made of 14, 18 and 22 carat gold alone. Also, it is mandatory for all jewellers to get compulsory hallmark. Currently gold hallmarking is voluntary. The mandatory ruling is to be implemented from January 15, 2021.


The Government has introduced new ruling that violation of hall marking will result in one-year imprisonment and a fine. The jewellers have been given one-year time to arrange hallmarking according to the Bureau of Indian Standards.

Hall Mark

Hall marking is the level of purity certification awarded by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). The BIS Hallmark has a triangular mark, logo of the producer and year of manufacturing of the product. It is essential to make hall marking mandatory to curb frauds and fake gold.

Current Scenario in India

Currently in India, only 28,849 jewellers have BIS registration. According to World Gold Council, the gold import of India was 496.11 tonnes in 2019.

Karat of Gold

The purity of gold is measured in karat of gold. 100% pure gold is called 24 Karat gold. 22 Karat gold is 91.6% pure and hence the name 916 hallmark in gold jewelleries.


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