Black Lists Current Affairs - 2020

China moves against Pakistan in FATF, Turkey now the only supporter

China has joined India and United States in putting Pakistan on Grey list of the FATF (Financial Action Task Force). Both China and Saudi Arabia have joined US, India and other European countries sending stern messages to Pakistan against its actions of terror funding money laundering

Highlights

A Plenary session of the FATF is to be held in June 2020. China, Saudi Arabia and Turkey were the three countries that supported Pakistan against FATF move in putting Pakistan under Grey List. Now Turkey and Malaysia are the only supporters. 12 out of 39 votes are required to move out of FATF list which Pakistan will not be able to.

Pakistan is currently on Grey List of FATF and with its major supporters withdrawing their backing, Pakistan will continue to remain on FATF Grey list. Pakistan was put on the list in June 2018. It was given a plan of action which the country was supposed to complete by October 2019. Failing of which will place it under black list.

FATF Grey List and Black List

The FATF is a Paris based organization that combats terrorism funding and money laundering.

Grey List

The countries that are not safe and are supporting money laundering and terror funding are included in the list.

Black List

The countries that is uncooperative tax havens for terror funding. They are also called Non-Cooperative Countries or Territories (NCCTs).

Countries currently in Black List and Grey List

The lists now have been renamed to “Call for Action” and “Monitored Jurisdiction”. The Call for Action countries or the Black List Countries include Iran and North Korea.

The Monitored Jurisdiction or Grey List include Iceland, Ghana, Botswana, Syria, Yemen, Pakistan, Mongolia and Cambodia.

The above lists are updates as of February 20, 2020.

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Home Ministry discontinues ‘Black Lists’ of Indian-Origin People

The Ministry of Home Affairs announced that it has put an end to the local adverse lists commonly known as ‘Black Lists’ of Indian-origin people.

About Black List

  • It is maintained by Indian missions (Indian Embassies in different countries) and posts abroad.
  • It contains list of Indian-origin people who have taken asylum (i.e. right to international protection in this other country) abroad under plea of alleged persecution in India. These asylum seekers in list are predominantly Sikhs.
  • Those who are in list are denied visa services by Indian missions and posts in respective country.
  • Recent Developments: Such Indian-origin asylees (person who is seeking or granted political asylum) and their family members who are now not in adverse list, will be granted visa and consular services at par with foreigners of country in which they are living. They can also get Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) cards if they have held normal Indian visas for at least two years.

Note: An OCI card holder is an immigration status which permits a foreign citizen of Indian origin to live and work in India indefinitely.

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