Black Money Current Affairs
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The Department of Revenue (DoR), Finance Ministry has made it mandatory for banks and financial institutions to check original identification documents of individuals dealing in cash above prescribed threshold to weed out use of forged or fake copies.
In this regard, DoR has issued an official gazette notification making an amendment to Prevention of Money-laundering (Maintenance of Records) Rules.
The Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA), 2002 forms core of legal framework to combat money laundering and generation of black money. The PMLA and its rules impose obligation on reporting entities like banks, financial institutions and intermediaries to verify identity of clients, maintain records and furnish information to Financial Intelligence Unit of India (FIU-IND). Intermediaries like chit fund company, stock broker, cooperative bank, housing finance institution and non-banking finance companies (NBFCs) are also classified as reporting entities.
The new rule now requires reporting entity to compare copy of officially valid id produced by client with original and recording same on copy. It also has made mandatory for biometric identification number Aadhaar and other official documents requirement to be obtained by reporting entities from anyone opening bank account as well as for any financial transaction of Rs 50,000 and above. The same is also required for all cash dealing of more than Rs 10 lakh or its equivalent in foreign currency.
If valid document furnished does not contain updated address, utility bill like telephone, electricity, post-paid mobile phone, piped gas or water bill not more than two months old can be considered as a proof of address. Besides, property or municipal tax receipt, pension or family pension payment orders issued to retired employees by Government departments or letter of allotment of accommodation from employer can be also considered for same purpose.
The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) and Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) have signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for automatic and regular exchange of tax information.
The purpose of the MoU is to curb the menace of shell companies, money laundering and black money in the country and prevent misuse of corporate structure by shell companies for various illegal purposes,
The MoU will facilitate sharing of data and information between MCA and CBDT on automatic and regular basis. It will enable sharing of specific information such as Permanent Account Number (PAN) data of corporates, financial statements filed with Registrar by corporates, Income Tax returns (ITRs) of corporates, returns of share allotments, audit reports and statements of financial transactions (SFT) received from banks relating to corporates.
The MoU will ensure that both MCA and CBDT have seamless PAN-DIN (Director Identity Number) and PAN-CIN (Corporate Identity Number) linkage for regulatory purposes. The information shared will pertain to both Indian corporates as well as foreign corporates operating in India.
In addition to regular exchange of data, CBDT and MCA will also exchange with any information available in their respective databases with each other, on request, for purpose of carrying out scrutiny, inspection, investigation and prosecution.
Under the MoU, Data Exchange Steering Group also has been constituted for initiative, which will meet periodically to review data exchange status and take steps to further improve effectiveness of CBDT and MCA.