Border Issues Current Affairs - 2020

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Pakistan Test Fires 600 km range Ra’ad II missile successfully

On February 19, 2020, Pakistan test fired 600 km range Ra’ad II missile successfully on land and at sea. The missile range has been upgraded from 550km in 2017 to 600km. It is important for India to closely monitor such advances as New Delhi is roughly 430km from Lahore.


The first Ra’ad II missile was unveiled in an annual parade in Pakistan in 2017. Ra’ad I had a range of 35km. The changes have been made significantly in the tail part of the missile. Ra’ad I had twin tail and was bigger in size. The recently test fired Ra’ad II had “X” configuration.

So far, the Ra’ad missiles of Pakistan are being carried by Mirage II fighter jets. Indian experts believe that Ra’ad II is Pakistan’s answer to Nirbhay cruise missile.

Nirbhay Cruise Missile

It is an all-weather missile that was designed and developed in India by DRDO (Defence Research Development Organization). So far, India has completed six developmental trials of the missile. The next test is to happen in April 2020.

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Anniversary of Pulwama Attack: Memorial inaugurated

On February 14, 2020, a memorial was inaugurated at the Lethpora camp for the 40 CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force) personnel who were killed in Pulwama Attack.


The memorial consisted of names of jawans who lost their lives in the attack. It also held the motto of CRPF, which is “Seva and Nishta” which means Service and Loyalty.

The Attack

In 2019, February 14, the Jaish-e-Mohammed terrorist Adeel ahmed Dar drove a car carrying explosives to a convoy of security forces. This killed 40 personnel.

Counter Measures

Upon the incident, the Home Ministry now allows CRPF to carry their troops by air. Also, the Jammu and Kashmir Government had imposed a ban on private vehicles to facilitate movement of troops. This means during their transit; no other private vehicles will be allowed on road. This order was to be rescinded after return of normalcy.

Following the Pulwama attack, Indian Air Force conducted surgical strikes in Balakot on February 26, 2019.

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