Border Management Current Affairs

India’s first ‘smart fence’ pilot project inaugurated along Indo-Pak border

India’s first ‘smart fence’ pilot project was inaugurated along two 5-km each patches of India-Pakistan International Border Jammu and Kashmir. It was launched by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh from Border Security Force (BSF) Headquarters in Ploura, J&K.

Smart fence pilot project

The initiative has been taken up by BSF as part of comprehensive integrated border management system (CIBMS). The pilot project involves deploying of laser-activated fences and technology-enabled barriers to plug vulnerable gaps along the frontiers.

It uses number of devices for surveillance, communication and data storage. It also comprises automated surveillance technology and alarm detection systems. It also has sensors like thermal imager, underground sensors, fiber optical sensors, radar and sonar mounted on different platforms like aerostat, tower and poles as part of the smart fence

The smart fences along with other gadgets are integrated with CCTV-live feed which is routed to BSF post so that immediate action can be taken against any intrusion or infiltration attempt. The shortcomings of this pilot project will be addressed to make Comprehensive Integrated Border Management system fool proof before it is extended to other areas.

Significance

Smart fence system is technological solution devised to make security system at borders more strong and effective. It will help to provide round-the-clock surveillance along the border, even in harsh weather conditions such dust storm, fog or rain. It is expected to be massive boon for monitoring security situations in border areas. It will make virtually impossible for terrorists to infiltrate into Indian side of border.

Background

Earlier this year, BSF had operationalised first smart fence on riverine stretch of Indian border with Bangladesh in Assam. The riverine stretch where first smart fence was put up was previously patrolled by BSF speedboats. Due to its geographical features, no outpost was erected in area which often led to incidents like illegal migrations, smuggling etc. going unchecked. The introduction of the fence was done to bring down such instances.

Month: Categories: Defence Current Affairs 2018

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Home Ministry forms study group to examine problems people residing in border areas

The Union Home Ministry has formed study group to examine various problems faced by people residing near International Border (IB) and Line of Control (LOC) in Jammu and Kashmir in wake of regular ceasefire violations by Pakistan. It will be headed by Rina Mitra, Special Secretary in Home Ministry.

Composition of study group

Its members are principal secretary (Home) in J&K Government, divisional commissioner of Jammu and divisional commissioner of Srinagar. Joint secretary (J&K) in Home Ministry is member-secretary of group.

Terms of References

The group will meet people living in border areas of Jammu & Kashmir, district administration officials, security forces deployed there and local public representatives and submit its report within two months. It will prepare a detailed report of issues being faced by public living near IB and LOC and submit recommendations for remedial action to be taken to address these issues.

Background

India shares a 3,323 km long border with Pakistan of which 221 km is IB and 740 km is LOC in Jammu & Kashmir. In recent times, there has been sharp increase in ceasefire violations by Pakistan. Till August 2017 there were 285 violations by Pakistani forces while the number was 228 for entire 2016 year.

Month: Categories: India Current Affairs 2018

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