Border security Current Affairs - 2020

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India erects “steel fence” across Pakistan, Bangladesh border

India will erect non-cut steel fence in the sensitive areas of Pakistan and Bangladesh borders. The plan is being executed after security agencies have detected Afghan fighters along India-Pakistan border.

Highlights

The first steel fence is to be erected across 7-km stretch in Assam’s Silchar, the border across Bangladesh.  After erection, the border is to be analysed by the BSF (Border Security Force).  Based on the feedback of these fence implementation, more such fences are to be implemented. The implementation cost has been estimated as Rs 2 crores per kilo metre.

Apart from steel fences, there are plans to implement LASER fences across the two borders. In order to implement the projects, the Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIMBMS) has been speeded up. The CIBMS operates under Ministry of Home Affairs.

Need

The presence of well-trained terrorists in the borders has increased. Therefore, it is important to secure the vulnerable infiltration spots along the border. Also, these vulnerable spots might be used by the terrorists to create trouble in the newly formed Union Territory.

Recent security measures

The GoI recently has implemented several security measures to guard its international border, especially after abrogating Article 370. Around a lakh of Central Armed Forces were deployed in Kashmir. Government also mapped infiltration prone areas along the two borders. In 2018, the BSF mapped and identified vulnerable spots in three-staged exercise.

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India-Myanmar MoU on bilateral cooperation for Prevention of Trafficking in Persons

Union Cabinet has approved the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between India and Myanmar on bilateral cooperation for Prevention of Trafficking in Persons; Rescue, Recovery, Repatriation and Re-integration of victims of Trafficking. The cabinet was chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Key Highlights of MoU

Objective:

  • To increase bilateral cooperation on the issues of prevention, rescue, recovery and repatriation related to victims of human Trafficking as well as to strengthen friendship bonds between India-Myanmar
  • To strengthen cooperation for preventing all forms of human trafficking and protecting and assisting victims of trafficking.

Provisions:

Prevent trafficking in persons by strengthening immigration and border controls cooperation and implementation of strategies with relevant Ministries and Organizations of both the countries.

Set up Working Groups or Task Force to make efforts to prevent human trafficking as well as undertake Capacity building programmes for the agencies concerned of both countries.

Developing and sharing database on traffickers and victims of trafficking in a safe and confidential manner and exchanging information via designated focal points of India and Myanmar.

Formulating and adopting Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for Rescue, Recovery, Repatriation and Integration of the victims of trafficking and at the same time ensuring speedy investigation and prosecution of traffickers and organized crime syndicates in either country.

Background

Human Trafficking has national and international consequence therefore its complex nature calls for a multidimensional strategy in tackling it at both domestic/regional/international level. Being global in scope, international cooperation and collaboration is essential to check trafficking in persons.

Moreover, strengthening cooperation between India’s and Myanmar’s border control agencies as well as establishing direct channels of communication can be an effective tool in countering trafficking in persons and promoting cross-border and regional cooperation.

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