Border security Current Affairs - 2020

Corona Virus: India closes 18 of 37 international borders

On March 14, 2020, Government of India ordered to suspend 18 of the 37 international borders from March 15, 2020. It includes borders across Nepal, Myanmar, Bhutan and Bangladesh.

Highlights

As Corona Virus outbreak has reached 93 in numbers, Government of India has ordered to close international borders in the country.

India-Pakistan

There are only two land crossing borders between India and Pakistan. One is the Attari-Wagah border and the other is the Kartarpur pilgrimage border. Though different deadlines were given to other borders, these two borders across Pakistan were closed indefinitely.

Border Control

The international borders across countries Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan are controlled by State Governments and Bureau of Immigration

Bureau of Immigration

The BOI was established in 1971. It functions under Ministry of Home Affairs.

Border Security Force

The Border Security Forces guard the borders during peace time. They are armed forces that were established in 1965 after the 1965 war. They are termed as the first line of Defence in the military system.

RalDer-X: New Explosive Detection Device developed by DRDO and IISc Bangalore

On March 1, 2020, at the National Workshop on Explosive Detection, a new Explosive Detection device called RalDer-X was launched.

Highlights

RalDer-X has the capacity to detect explosives that are in the pure form and also those that are added with contaminants. It is also capable of detecting explosives at a distance. The device is capable of detecting various applications such as narcotics and also other elements that are non-explosive in nature.

Significance

Explosive Detection is highly important to inspect whether a container contains explosives especially at ports, airports and at borders.

There are two main categories of Explosive detection namely Bulk Detection and Trace Detection. Colorimetrics is the popular principle used in detecting both types of explosives

Colorimetrics

The test is based on detecting the nitrogen compound in the explosive with its color reations. This is because, almost all explosives are made of nitroaromatic, nitramine or nitrate based compounds. However, it requires physical handling of explosive. Also, it cannot be detected in a sealed container. These disadvantages are over come by the new explosive device RalDer-X.