Border Security Force Current Affairs
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Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has appointed senior IPS officer Rajni Kant Misra as Director General of Border Security Force (BSF). He has been tasked to head BSF for period up to his superannuation on August 31, 2019. He succeeds K K Sharma, who will retire at the end of this month. Misra is 1984-batch IPS officer of the Uttar Pradesh cadre. Currently he is serving as DG of Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB).
Border Security Force (BSF)
BSF is primary border guarding organisation of India and termed as First Line of Defence of Indian Territories. It is the sentinels of Indian borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh. It came into existence on 1st December, 1965 in the wake of 1965 Indo-Pak War or ensuring security of borders of India and for matters connected there with.
It was created by merging various State Armed Police Battalions for achieving better coordinated synergy between border guarding functions in peace time and fighting war during eventuality on both Western and Eastern fronts.
BSF is one of the five Central Armed Police Forces of Union of India under the administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). It is mandated with guarding India’s land border during peacetime and preventing transnational crime.
BSF currently stands as the world’s largest border guarding force. It has total 186 battalions with sanctioned strength of 257,363 personnel including expanding air wing, marine wing, artillery regiments, and commando units. It is deployed on Indo-Pakistan International Border, Indo-Bangladesh International Border, Line of Control (LoC) along with Indian Army and also in Anti-Naxal Operations.
India’s first ‘smart fence’ pilot project was inaugurated along two 5-km each patches of India-Pakistan International Border Jammu and Kashmir. It was launched by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh from Border Security Force (BSF) Headquarters in Ploura, J&K.
Smart fence pilot project
The initiative has been taken up by BSF as part of comprehensive integrated border management system (CIBMS). The pilot project involves deploying of laser-activated fences and technology-enabled barriers to plug vulnerable gaps along the frontiers.
It uses number of devices for surveillance, communication and data storage. It also comprises automated surveillance technology and alarm detection systems. It also has sensors like thermal imager, underground sensors, fiber optical sensors, radar and sonar mounted on different platforms like aerostat, tower and poles as part of the smart fence
The smart fences along with other gadgets are integrated with CCTV-live feed which is routed to BSF post so that immediate action can be taken against any intrusion or infiltration attempt. The shortcomings of this pilot project will be addressed to make Comprehensive Integrated Border Management system fool proof before it is extended to other areas.
Smart fence system is technological solution devised to make security system at borders more strong and effective. It will help to provide round-the-clock surveillance along the border, even in harsh weather conditions such dust storm, fog or rain. It is expected to be massive boon for monitoring security situations in border areas. It will make virtually impossible for terrorists to infiltrate into Indian side of border.
Earlier this year, BSF had operationalised first smart fence on riverine stretch of Indian border with Bangladesh in Assam. The riverine stretch where first smart fence was put up was previously patrolled by BSF speedboats. Due to its geographical features, no outpost was erected in area which often led to incidents like illegal migrations, smuggling etc. going unchecked. The introduction of the fence was done to bring down such instances.