Brahmaputra River Current Affairs - 2020

Red Panda Species are two separate species

On February 29, 2020, the Chinese Academy of Sciences have discovered that the red panda species are actually two separate species. Earlier, both the Himalayan red pandas and the Chinese red Pandas were together considered as red panda species. However, the DNA analysis says that they are two separate species.


Chinese Red Panda are found in northern Myanmar, Sichuan, south-eastern Tibet and Yunnan province of China. The Himalayan red Pandas are found in India, Nepal, Bhutan and southern Tibet. On the whole, there are 10,000 red pandas in the wild.

Key Findings

The Yalu Zangbu river marks the geographical boundary between the two species. The two species differ in face. The Himalayan Red Panda has more white spots in its face and Chinese red panda is redder with less white on it. The tail rings of the Chinese Red Panda is darker and paler as compared to the Himalayan Red Panda.

Threats and Conservation

Deforestation is the major threat of the red panda species. The Red Pandas are called “Living Fossils” as they are the only living member of the Ailuridae mammalian family. The IUCN Red List has categorized Red Pandas as “Endangered”.

Yalu Zangbu river

The Yalu Zangbu is also called Yarlung Zangpo or Yarlung Tsangpo. It is the upper stream of the Brahmaputra river. It is the longest river in Tibet.

India, Bhutan, Nepal: Trans Border Conservation Park

A Memorandum of Understanding has been drafted by India, Nepal and Bhutan to create a trans-boundary wildlife conservation park. The park will include bio-diversity rich landscapes


Unlike other parks that are species oriented, this peace park will be landscape oriented. Such a kind already exists in Manas park region. However, only a part of the trans-boundary protected area in India and Bhutan is being conserved based on the landscape. In the new peace park, the entire park will have its conservation protocols completely based on landscape.

About the park

  • The park will be an extension of the Manas park
  • The initiative was started by India keeping in view the migratory wildlife species in the region, especially elephants.

Manas National Park

  • Manas National Park is a UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, Project tiger reserve and a biosphere reserve.
  • The park is contiguous with the Royal Manas National Park of Bhutan.
  • It is home to many endangered species like Assam roofed turtle, golden Langur, hispid hare, pygmy hog.
  • The park is famous for its wild water buffaloes
  • It is located on the Manas river, a major tributary of Brahmaputra