Brazil Current Affairs - 2019

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BRICS Culture Ministers’ meeting held in Brazil

Union Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (Independent charge) Prahlad Singh Patel participated in BRICS Culture Ministers’ meeting held in Curitiba, Brazil. At the meet the minister reaffirmed India’s commitment to contribute towards strengthening bonds between member countries.

Key Highlights of Meet

Since, BRICS countries have witnessed cultural cooperation scaling to new heights, thereby India proposed to add literature as another field of cooperation between countries to enhance cooperation in field of literary works.

Minister Prahlad Singh Patel also put forward thoughts on Letter of Intention (LoI) on Creative Economy in BRICS Countries to set a milestone in the BRICS cultural cooperation. He further requested his fellow counterparts to develop a thorough knowledge of creative markets of BRICS member states and encourage mobility of professionals of creative economy in order to stimulate opportunities.


BRICS is an association of- Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. These are five major emerging national economies.

For India, BRICS is a valuable forum for coordination, consultation and cooperation on contemporary global issues of mutual interest.

Under the aegis of collaborations in various fields well participated by all the member states, the institutions have made commendable efforts to organise a number of events in these fields. One such event is joint exhibition titled ‘Bonding Regions and Imagining Cultural Synergies’ that will be hosted during November-December 2019, by National Gallery of Modern Arts of India under the auspices of BRICS Alliance of Museums and Art Galleries.


28th BASIC Ministerial meeting on Climate Change held in Brazil

BASIC countries (Brazil, South Africa, India and China) held their 28th Ministerial meeting on Climate Change recently in Sao Paulo, Brazil. It was held in the run-up to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) Conference of Parties (COP-25) meet scheduled to be held in December 2019. In this meeting, India was represented by Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar.

Key highlights of meeting

BASIC countries expressed concern about climate change and its adverse effects and reaffirmed their commitment to successful implementation of UNFCCC, its Kyoto Protocol and its Paris Agreement, based on recognition of the needs and special circumstances of developing countries and in accordance with principles of Equity and Common But Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC) in light of different national circumstances.

They jointly urged developed countries to fulfill their climate finance commitments of mobilizing $100 billion annually by 2020 for developing countries. The called for responsible, comprehensive, urgent and ambitious actions against climate change, including in the urban environment.

They reiterated to work together ahead of the United Nations Session on Climate Change and the next Conference of Parties (CoP25) in Chile. It was also decided that China will host the next meeting of the BASIC Ministers.


It is geopolitical alliance (bloc) of four advanced developing countries – Brazil, South Africa, India and China. It was established by agreement in 2009. These four countries collectively account for one-third of world’s geographical area and nearly 40% of world’s population.

BASIC countries broadly have common position on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and raising the massive funds that are needed to fight climate change. Since 2009, they have cooperated in international climate negotiations, reflecting their aspiration to have a larger say in global politics.

Mandate: These four countries as single bloc are committed to act jointly at Copenhagen climate summit, including possible united walk-out if their common minimum position was not met by the developed nations. They are collectively working to define common position on emission reductions and climate aid money and try to convince other countries to sign up to Copenhagen Accord.