Britain Current Affairs - 2019
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International Nurses Day was observed globally on 12 May 2019. It is celebrated every year on birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale, the foundational philosopher of modern nursing.
About International Nurses Day
- Background: The first proposal for Nurses Day was made in 1953, by an officer with US Department of Health, Education and Welfare Dorothy Sutherland and first proclaimed by President Dwight D Eisenhower. In 1965, it was first celebrated by the International Council of Nurses (ICN). Later, in 1974 ICN established 12 May as International Nurses Day, to be celebrated every year to highlight important role played by nurses in providing best healthcare services.
- Aim: It is celebrated to honour, contributions made by nurses in societies around the world.
- Organised: It is organised each year by the International Council of Nurses, which is group of more than 130 national nurses associations, with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
- Role played by Nurses: IND acknowledges various roles played by nurses which includes providing and managing personal care and treatment, working with families and communities, & playing a central part in public health & controlling disease & infection.
- Theme for International Nurses Day 2019 was “Nurses – A Voice to Lead – Health for All”. This year the Nurses Day coincided with Mother’s Day.
About Florence Nightingale
- She was a British national and born on 12 May in 1820.
- She was a reforming spirit in nursing who organised nursing for wounded and sick soldiers, at the same time served as manager and trainer of other nurses during Crimean War in 1850s.
- She is also known as ‘Lady with the Lamp’. Moreover, her far-sighted ideas and reforms have greatly influenced modern healthcare.
- She established ‘Nightingale Training School’ at St Thomas’ Hospital. It was first professional training school for nurses.
- She established ‘School of Midwifery nursing’ at King’s College Hospital because she believed that specialist midwifery nurses are needed. This later became a model for the country.
- She has published more than 200 books, reports and pamphlets on hospital organization and planning. These are widely read and respected even today.
- She is credited for inventing the pie chart and later on became first woman to be elected to Royal Statistical Society (RSS).
- In 1909, she received ‘Freedom of the City of London’ award, and became first woman to whom it was awarded.
Tags: Britain • Florence Nightingale • Freedom of the City of London • International Council of Nurses • International Nurse’s Day • Lady with the Lamp • Nightingale Training School • Nurses - A Voice to Lead - Health for All • President Dwight D Eisenhower • Royal Statistical Society
G D Robert Govender, an Indian–origin journalist in South Africa was honoured with V K Krishna Menon Award 2019 in United Kingdom for his contribution as pioneer of decolonised journalism. He became first person to be honoured with this award posthumously. The award was given by ‘V K Krishna Menon Institute’ on 123rd birth anniversary of renowned Indian diplomat and politician V K Krishna Menon.
About G D Robert Govender
He was born in South Africa in August 1930. During his career in journalism spanning nearly 60 years, he had developed international repute as campaigning journalist and author and was also first journalist to call for international boycott of whites-only sports teams of South Africa.
His books include ‘The Martyrdom of Patrice Lumumba’ which had exposed role of Western intelligence agencies in murder of Congolese independence leader. He died in London, UK in 2016.
About V K Krishna Menon
He was India’s first High Commissioner to Britain (United Kingdom). He served as Defence Minister of India from April 1957 to October 1962. He holds the record for longest speech (8 hours) before UN Security Council (UNSC) while defending India’s sovereignty over Kashmir.