British Current Affairs - 2020

GoI to convert world’s only horse serving cavalry into regular armoured regiment

The Indian Army is to convert the 61st cavalry, the only horse serving cavalry in the world into a regular armoured regiment with tanks.

Highlights

The main aim of the plan is to convert the 61st cavalry into a combat force. This is largely a ceremonial unit that is based in Jaipur.

After changing the cavalry into a combat force, the commanding officers will have independent squadrons of tanks under them.

There are oppositions to the steps claiming that the step will destroy the glorious tradition that lives with the regiment.

61st Cavalry

The 61st cavalry was raised in 1953. It was raised by amalgamating the horse mounted cavalry units in the princely states of India. The soldiers in the cavalry are armed with lances

Lancers

The Teen Murti Memorial was erected in New Delhi to honour the lancers. The memorial was erected during British Raj period to commemorate the heroic role played by Jodhpur, Hyderabad and Mysore during the Battle of Hafia. The lancers represented the British during world war I.

“Hafia Day” is celebrated by Indian Army on September 23 every year to honour the bravery of the regiment.

Utkala Dibasa, Odisha Statehood Day celebrated on April 1

Every year, the state of Odisha celebrates Utkal Divas on April 1. The tradition of the celebration is being followed for 84 years now. Being the 9th largest state, the state is rich in mineral resources. It is a major supplier of raw materials such as coal, iron ore to several industries spread all over the country.

Highlights

The State of Odisha was established on April 1, 1936. It was established as a province of British India on April 1, 1936. It was named Orissa. The English name was changed to Odisha on November 4, 2011.

History

In 3rd Century BC, the state was ruled by the Great Emperor Ashoka. Later it was ruled by several other monarchs such as the Harshas. During the 8th century the state was known as Kosala and Utkala kingdoms. Even today the statehood day is celebrated as “Utkal Divas”. Later in 16th century, Odisha was rued by Sultanate of Bengal. In mid-18th century Odisha was under the rule of Marathas.

Later after the Carnatic wars, it came under the rule of Madras Presidency of British.