BRO Current Affairs - 2019
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The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) was formed on on 7 May 1960, with primary goal of securing India’s borders and developing infrastructure in remote areas of India’s north and north eastern states. On 7 May 2019 BRO celebrated its 59th Raising Day (foundation day).
- It is a leading road construction agency under Ministry of Defence.
- Its primary role is to provide road connectivity in India’s border areas. It also creates up-grades and maintains infrastructure along borders to meet India’s overall tactical and strategic goals.
- Apart from road construction it also executes maintenance works along Northern and Western frontiers mainly to meet strategic requirements of Indian Army. It is responsible for over 53,000 Km roads.
- Its work involves Formation Cutting, Surfacing, Bridge construction and Resurfacing.
- It contributes towards India’s strategic objectives in neighbouring regions by constructing roads in friendly foreign nations like Afghanistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Nepal.
- Disaster management: It has played important role in reconstruction work after tsunami in Tamil Nadu in 2004, Kashmir earthquake in 2005, Ladakh flash floods in 2010 etc.
- To meet challenges of enhancing overall strategic connectivity along borders BRO has begun organizational re-structuring and simplified procedures with adequate delegation of financial powers to executives.
- To enhance its capabilities it is now executing works in combination of departmental, contractual and EPC (Engineering, Procurement and Construction) mode.
The Supreme Court has censured the Uttarakhand High Court for framing a scheme to regularise hundreds of casual workers engaged by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) under the Ministry of Defence in the construction of roads for Char Dham Yatra pilgrimage.
What was the Issue?
- A case was filed in the Uttarakhand High Court by unions representing the casual workers, including the All India Trade Union Congress against the centre alleging that the Centre had not regularised the labourers though they had worked for BRO for years.
- Disposing of the petition the Uttarakhand High Court itself framed a scheme to regularise the services of the casual labourers and granted them benefits similar to those of regular employees under the labour law.
Observations made by the Supreme Court
- It is the sole prerogative of the government to frame schemes and courts should stay out of governance.
- High Court has failed to see that it is not the function of the courts to frame any scheme but it is the sole prerogative of the government to do it.
- All that the High Court could have done is exercising of its the extraordinary power under Article 226 of the Constitution to direct the government to consider framing an appropriate scheme.
Article 226 empowers the High Court’s to issue, to any person or authority, including the government directions, orders or writs, including writs in the nature of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto, certiorari or any of them.
Tags: Article 226 • Border Roads Organisation • BRO • certiorari • Char Dham Yatra pilgrimage • habeas corpus • mandamus • Ministry of Defence • prohibition • quo warranto • Supreme Court • Uttarakhand • Uttarakhand High Court