broadband Current Affairs - 2019
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China has launched its first communication satellite on 22nd December 2018 to offer broadband internet services to users worldwide. The communication satellite was launched using a Long March 11 carrier rocket which took off from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in north-western China. It is CASIC’s (China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation) first satellite launch under China’s Hongyun project. The satellite aims to rival Google and other companies which have similar plans for providing Internet services worldwide.
China started the Hongyun project in September 2016. Under this project, China plans to give broadband internet connectivity to users all over the world by building a space-based communications network. The project also seeks to take the Internet connectivity to the underserved regions of the world. CASIC will be placing than 150 Hongyun satellites on orbits about 1,000 km above the ground around 2023 and can be expanded as per the demand. It is to be noted that CASIC is the main contractor for Chinese space programs and a state-owned company.
A number of tech companies have already launched space-based broadband plans to provide free internet access that includes Google, SpaceX, OneWeb and Telesat.
The U.S.’ SpaceX launched Starlink project aims to put around 12,000 satellites in the space by the mid-2020s. A U.S. firm, OneWeb, will be launching a constellation of 648 low-Earth orbit microsatellites by the end of 2019 to provide broadband services. A Chinese plans to launch a constellation of 272 satellites to provide free WiFi service worldwide.
Government of India in pursuit of its efforts for making India digitally accessible to all its citizens, has launched a new .bharat domain name in Devanagri script. This will enable the companies willing to launch websites with hindi domain names to book one with an extension of .bharat instead of the common .com, .co or .in.
The domain has been extended to 8 Indian languages of Hindi, Konkani, Bodo, Dogri, Maithali, Nepali, Sindhi and Marathi. New languages will continue to be added to the list soon.
The National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) which manages the domain names in India, is all set to introduce an international domain name IDN which will cover other Indian languages like Punjabi, Bangla, Urdu, Telugu, Tamil and Gujarati. Internationally these domain names are assigned and managed by Internet Cooperation for Assigned Names and Numbers. Minister for Communications and Information Technology Ravi Shankar Prasad, on the occasion of launch said that “In future expansion of the Internet will largely emanate from Asia, Africa and the developing nations. Local languages, content and culture will increasingly become important themes for the future expansion of the Internet. Mobile ,apps and social media define new parameters of growth”.
The next big leap will be seen in the form of National Fibre Optical Network which will connect 60,000 villages with broadband services in 2014 and 1 lakh villages each in 2015 and 2016. The cost of the project is Rs. 35,000 crores and will seek to connect 2.50 gram panchayats by the year 2017.
This will unleash a new phase of economic activity in India as more employment opportunities will be generated in all levels, skills will be developed and people will be more connected to the world. Further on, new business opportunities will spring up from it.
The new government is going to all extents to bring to reality the e-commerce revolution in India.