Brucellosis Current Affairs - 2019
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Union Cabinet has approved new initiative (scheme) to control Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and Brucellosis to support the livestock rearing farmers and improve the health of animals.
Key Features of Scheme
- Objective: This initiative aims to fully control these diseases amongst livestock in the country in next five years and subsequently eradicate these diseases.
- Cabinet has cleared a total outlay of Rs. 13,343 crores for this scheme and entire cost will be now borne by Central Government.
- In case of FMD: It envisages vaccination coverage to 30 crore bovines (cows-bulls and buffaloes) and 20 crore sheep/goat and 1 crore pigs at six months’ interval along with primary vaccination in bovine calves.
- Brucellosis control programme: It will extend to cover 100% vaccination coverage of 3.6 crore female calves.
- Significance: It will benefit crores of livestock rearing farmers and improve health of animals.
Threat of FMD and Brucellosis
- These diseases are very common amongst the livestock – cow-bulls, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs etc. If cow/buffalo gets infected with FMD, it results in milk loss is upto 100% which could last for four to six months.
- In case of Brucellosis milk output reduces by 30%, during entire life cycle of animal. It also causes infertility amongst animals. It can also be transmitted to the farm workers and livestock owners. Both of these diseases have direct negative impact on trade of milk and other livestock products.
The International Conference on Brucellosis 2016 and the 69th meeting of the International Society on Brucellosis was inaugurated in New Delhi.
The three day conference has been organised by the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) in collaboration with Indian Council for Agriculture Research (ICAR).
Highlights of the conference
- Provide a technical platform for scientist and experts from all over the world including Participants from 26 countries.
- Help endemic countries in designing effective control strategies and eradication methods as per the laws governing the livestock production systems.
The conference is result of DBT’s network programme on Brucellosis launched in 2012 to address the epidemiology and development of new generation of vaccines and diagnostic kits.
Brucella Free Villages programme
- On the sidelines of the conference, Brucella Free Villages programme was also launched. It will be implemented on pilot scale in 50 villages covering 10 states.
- This programme will be supported by guidelines and standard operating practices along with an IT enabled application.
Brucellosis is a dreadful disease caused by genus of bacteria known as Brucella. It infects various species of Brucella cows, buffalos, goats, sheep, pigs, dogs and other animals and also humans.
How it is transmitted?
Human become infected by this disease by coming in contact with animals or animal products (meat and milk) contaminated with these bacteria. The persons who are exposed to high risk of brucellosis infection are dairy man, veterinarians, butchers and other animal handlers.
What are symptoms?
In infected humans, range of brucellosis symptoms are seen. They are similar to the flu and may include fever, headache, sweats, back pain and physical weakness. In case of severe infections of the central nervous system (CNS) or lining of the heart may also occur.
Often it is diagnosed after ruling out all other fevers such as those caused by typhoid, malaria, dengue etc. Chronic brucellosis can be treated with triple-antibiotic therapy.