Bureau of Indian Standards Current Affairs - 2020

WHO: Ground Water contaminated with Uranium in India above 30 micro-gram per litre

On March 16, 2020, the Minister of State for Jal Shakti Shri Rattan Lal Kataria announced in the parliament that ground water is contaminated with Uranium at 30 micro-grams per litre in the country.

Highlights

According to the ministry, the World Health Organization has quoted that the ground water in localized areas of certain states and union territories have been contaminated with Uranium. The prevalence of Uranium is above 30 micro-grams per litre.

The Organization also quoted that the states such as Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Odisha, Rajasthan, Punjab, Telangana, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Jammu Kashmir have occurrence of Uranium in ground water.

Permissible limits

The Bureau of Indian Standards has set the maximum permissible limit of Uranium in drinking water as 0.03 mg per litre.

Uranium ill effects

Intake of large amount of Uranium causes kidney problems.

Uranium in Environment

Uranium is rare. It is naturally spread in the Indian environment. It derives from soil, rocks and gets dissolved in water.

BIS: Water Quality Report for state Capitals and New Delhi released

The Water Quality Report was released by the Union Minister of Consumer Affairs Shri Ram Vilas Paswan. The report is in line with the Jal Jeevan Mission that was launched to provide clean and safe drinking water to all by 2024.

Water Quality Report

In order to make sure if clean and safe drinking water is provided to all, a study was conducted by the BIS (Bureau of India Standards) to check on the quality of piped drinking water provided in the cities, especially in the state capitals. The cities were then ranked based on the report.

Parameters

The study was conducted in two phases. In first phase, samples of drinking water were collected across Delhi and in the second phase the samples were collected from several state capitals. The tests were conducted on parameters such as Chemicals, Toxic substances, Organoleptic tests, Bacteriological tests and physical tests.

Highlights of the report

  • In Delhi, out of 11 samples, 10 failed to comply the standards of Indian Standards
  • The best performing cities where almost all the samples were up to the standard were Ranchi, Shimla, Bhubaneshwar, Amravati and Raipur.
  • The worst performing cities where only very few or none of the samples were under the Indian Standards were Thiruvananthapuram. Chandigarh, Bhopal, Patna, Bengaluru, Gandhinagar, Lucknow, Chennai, Dehradun, Kolkata and Jaipur