Canada Current Affairs

Canada legalises recreational use of marijuana nationwide

The Parliament of Canada has passed Cannabis Act (or Bill C-45), a landmark law that legalizes recreational use of marijuana (a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant intended for medical or recreational use) nationwide. It makes Canada the first G7 country to legalise the drug’s recreational use and the second to have a nationwide, legal marijuana market, after Uruguay (permitted in December 2013).

Key Facts

The law controls and regulates how the drug can be grown, distributed and sold. It allows adults to possess up to 30 grams of dried cannabis in public, but minimum legal age to buy and consume the drug has been set federally at 18. It makes illegal to possess more than 30 grams of cannabis in public, grow more than four plants per household and to buy from unlicensed dealer. It provides stringent penalty of jail up to 14 years if someone caught selling drug to minor. With the passage of the bill, Canadians will be able to buy and consume marijuana legally as early as September 2018.

Marijuana

Marijuana is greenish-gray mixture of dried, shredded leaves, stems, seeds and flowers of Cannabis sativa – the hemp plant. Most people smoke marijuana, though it can also be used in other forms such as edibles, powders and oils. It used for controlling pain for medical issues, like cancer, nervous system diseases, glaucoma, migraines, etc and also used to treat nausea and improve appetites for people with HIV or other chronic illnesses.

Cannabis is banned in most countries but number countries have started decriminalising its use in recent years. It is legal for medicinal purposes in 14 European countries, Argentina, Israel, Puerto Rico, Mexico, Panama, Turkey, Zambia and Zimbabwe. In the US, its medicinal use is allowed in 29 states and nine states have legalised both medical and personal use. Spain, Netherlands, Slovenia, Portugal, Jamaica, Peru, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Luxembourg are among countries that have relaxed legislation regarding personal use of Cannabis.

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Maharashtra signs MoU with Canada’s Quebec province to increase economic cooperation

Maharashtra government has signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Quebec province of Canada to increase economic cooperation and welfare of tribal community in the state. The MoU was signed between Chief Minister Devendra Fadanvis and Philippe Couillard, Prime Minister of Quebec province of Canada. Under the MoU, the key areas of focus are information technology (IT), biotechnology, artificial intelligence and welfare of the tribal community.

Key Facts

CM Devendra Fadnavis was on week-long tour to Dubai, Canada and United States to bring business to Maharashtra. During his visit to Canada, he also met Michael Sabia, President and CEO of CDPQ which is Institutional Fund Manager that manages funds over $298 billion. The intention was to attract more investment in Pension Fund from Canada. During this meeting, CDPQ agreed to partner with some of companies in India and also shown interest in working with retail partners.

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