Carbon dioxide Current Affairs - 2020

IEA Report: Global Energy Review, 2020

The International Energy Agency recently released Global Energy Review in 2020. The report highlights the global energy demand in 2020 and carbon dioxide emissions.

Highlights

The report was prepared by collecting data from 30 countries. This includes India and China.

Key Findings of the report

According to the report, 15% of the daily electricity demand has been reduced. The decline was mainly due to complete lock down in the countries such as India, Italy, France, UK.

Service Sectors

The decline in power consumption was noted in countries where service sectors were dominant. The service sectors included were hospitality, retail, tourism and education.

Fossil Fuel

The lock down has also reduced fossil-fuel based power generation. In India, according to the report, electricity production from coal has declined by 32.2% as compared to 2019 level.

Coal

The Global Coal Demand reduced by 8% as compared to 2019. This was mainly due to three reasons. One, China, a coal-based economy was hit badly. Two, availability of cheap gas. Three, increased use of renewables.

Oil

The oil demand was reduced by 5%. The transport connectivity all over the world has been reduced by 50% and aviation has been reduced by 60%

Carbon Dioxide Emissions

The Carbon Dioxide Emissions have declined by 8% as compared to 2019 levels. This is almost 2.6 giga tonnes. These levels of carbons dioxide was found in the earth’s atmosphere before 10 years.

Herbal Decongestant Spray developed by CSIR

The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-National Botanical Research Institute (CSIR-NBRI) has developed herbal decongestant spray. The spray is used to prevent COVID-19 infection and to ease wearing masks.

Highlights

Wearing mask for a long time creates difficulty in breathing and congestion in respiratory system. The herbal spray will help to address this problem.

What causes difficulty in wearing masks?

The main issue of wearing face mask is that the carbon dioxide gets accumulated in the inner cavity of the mask. The accumulated carbon dioxide goes back to the lungs when a person breathes. This creates difficulty in breathing when a person wears mask for a long time.

Decongestant Spray

The spray has been created by blending four plant-based oil. The CSIR has not disclosed the names of the plants due to issues related to intellectual property rights. The spray has been prepared based on the guidelines of Ministry of AYUSH.

The spray clears windpipe and thus helps in removing mucus or cough that helps to ease breathing. This will also help to reduce the stress caused by excessive decongestion.

CSIR-NBRI

The NBRI is a Lucknow based laboratory that mainly focuses on botanical research work. The institute is to transfer technology to Indian companies for commercial production. The masks then produced with the spray are to be sent to the front- line workers fighting against COVID-19.