carbon dioxide emissions Current Affairs - 2020

Environment Performance Index: India ranks 168

The Yale University recently released the biennial Environment Performance Index. India scored 168th rank out of 180 countries. In 2018, India scored 27.6 out of 100 and secured 177th rank.

About the report

Around 32 indicators were considered to create the ranking. Also, the index provided 10-year observation on environmental performance at national and international level.

Key Findings of the report

According to the report, India needs to double its sustainability efforts. Also, India needs to focus widely on sustainability issues with utmost priority towards air and water quality, climate change and biodiversity.

All the South Asian countries were ahead of India except Afghanistan.

Also, India’s rank in terms of Sustainable Development Goals was also low.

Climate Change

India ranked 106 in terms of climate change and second in South Asian region. The performance of a country in climate change was assessed on green house gas emission per capita, Green house gas intensity growth rate, growth rate in carbon dioxide, adjusted emission growth rates, growth rate of 4 greenhouse gases and one pollutant.

CO2 Emissions of India falls in 4 decades

According to the study conducted by Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA), the Carbon dioxide Emissions in India has declined the least in four decades.

Highlights

The study says that the carbon dioxide emissions in India has reduced by 15% in March and by 30% in April. The study also says that the latest consumption of oil and gas, coal has declined. It has fell by 30 million tonnes in 2019-20 in the country as compared to that of the previous year.

Fossil Fuel uses

The carbon dioxide pollution in the country is mainly caused due to power and transportation sector. The decline in consumption of fossil fuels is also the main reason for the reduction in pollution. The power generated by coal-fired power plants reduced by 15% in March for the first time. Also, the renewable energy generation has increased by 6.4% in March.

The carbon dioxide emission also slowed down due to slowdown in coal-fired electricity generation.