Carbon emissions Current Affairs - 2020

Environment Performance Index: India ranks 168

The Yale University recently released the biennial Environment Performance Index. India scored 168th rank out of 180 countries. In 2018, India scored 27.6 out of 100 and secured 177th rank.

About the report

Around 32 indicators were considered to create the ranking. Also, the index provided 10-year observation on environmental performance at national and international level.

Key Findings of the report

According to the report, India needs to double its sustainability efforts. Also, India needs to focus widely on sustainability issues with utmost priority towards air and water quality, climate change and biodiversity.

All the South Asian countries were ahead of India except Afghanistan.

Also, India’s rank in terms of Sustainable Development Goals was also low.

Climate Change

India ranked 106 in terms of climate change and second in South Asian region. The performance of a country in climate change was assessed on green house gas emission per capita, Green house gas intensity growth rate, growth rate in carbon dioxide, adjusted emission growth rates, growth rate of 4 greenhouse gases and one pollutant.

United Nations Warns: 4.4 billion people to live with limited water by 2050

On World Water Day, the United Nations warned that 3.5 to 4.4 billion people are to live with limited access to water by 2050. Of these more than 1 billion are to live in major cities.

Highlights

The United Nations also said that today there are 2.2 billion people in the world lacking safe drinking water. Around 4.2 billion of global population are living without adequate sanitation. The data was provided by the UN Secretary General Antonio Gueterres at a press meet.

Recommendations

The United Nations Suggests that the member countries should pay attention to climate risks at all the levels of water management. Also, they should increase their investments towards climate resilient water storage infrastructure.

The upcoming COP26 that is to be held at Glasgow should be used as to reduce the emissions and increase water sustainability. The 26th COP26 is to be held in Glasgow, UK in November 2020.