Cattle Farming Current Affairs - 2020

UP Government provides Rs 900 per month to farmers willing to keep stray cattle

On March 3, 2020, Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath announced that his government will pay Rs 900 per month to farmers willing to keep stray cattle.

The Issue

Earlier in 2019, the farmer protests in Uttar Pradesh had gone up over stray cattle destroying their fields. The population of stray cattle in the state increased as the UP Government had banned illegal animal slaughtering in the state.

Steps taken

Initially cow shelters were built to adopt abandoned stray cattle However, they began overflowing and also it was financially difficult for the UP Government to take care of cattle in huge numbers.

In order to solve the problem of stray cattle, the state Government had introduced “Chief Minister Destitute Cow Participation Scheme”. Under the scheme, willing farmers shall adopt cows from the shelters and take them home. To such farmers or adopters Rs 900 was to be provided. Now this is being extended to all farmers who is willing to keep the stray cattle in their homes.

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China warns cattle imports as India notifies OIE about cattle disease in Odisha

The Chinese Government has issued warnings against import of cattle and related products from India. The warning comes after India submitted its notification about “lumpy skin disease” virus in cattle to the World Organization of Animal Health (OIE).

China does not officially import buffalo meat from India. However, a large quantity of beef gets smuggled into China through roads and ports.

Notification

India notified to OIE that the outbreak of disease was in August. Also, there were three cases and all three were from the state of Odisha. The main purpose of the organization is to control epizootic diseases. Epizootic is a disease that is prevalent in nonhuman animal population that is analogous to epidemic in humans.

World Organization of Animal Health

OIE is an intergovernmental organization that supports, coordinates and promotes animal disease control. The organization was formed in 1924 as Office International des Epizooties and hence the name OIE. However, in 2003, it became the World Organization for Animal Health retaining its historical name.

Lumpy skin disease

It is an infectious disease in cattle that reduces milk production, causes infertility, poor growth and chronic debility. The disease is caused by the virus Poxviridae. The virus is also called the Neethling virus. The disease causes permanent damage to the skin of the animals and hence has great economic implications.

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