Cattle Genomics Current Affairs - 2020

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Union Government launches Biotech-KISAN and Cattle Genomics to empower farmers

The Union Ministry of Science and Technology has launched two new schemes Biotech-KISAN and Cattle Genomics in order to apply science to boost rural economy.

The intent of these programmes is to form a network to farmers directly with the scientists and experts. Thus they seek to empower farmers, especially women farmers.

Biotech-KISAN (Krishi Innovation Science Application Network) Scheme

  • Its purpose is to connect farmers, scientist and science institution across country. Under it, fellowship will be given to women farmers for training and education in farm practice.
  • Under it scientists will spend time on farms and link communication tools to soil, water seed and market.
  • The main aim of the scheme is to understand individual problems of the small holding farmers and provide ready solutions.
  • It will be implemented in 15 agro-climatic zones of India in phased manner with objective of linking new technology to farm by understanding problem of local farmer.

Cattle Genomics Scheme

  • The scheme aims at boosting selective breeding of the native livestock more accurately to ensure high-yielding, disease-resistant, resilient livestock.
  • Under it, government will undertake an ambitious project of genome sequencing of 40 registered indigenous cattle breeds of India.
  • Besides, a high-density DNA chips will be developed under this scheme to reduce the cost and time interval of breeding of the native livestock.
  • Genome selection will use information on variations in DNA sequences between animals to predict the breeding value more accurately. Thus, help to transform livestock breeding.

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