CBI Current Affairs - 2020

OCSAE: On-line Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation Prevention Unit set up by CBI

Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has set up an On-line Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation (OCSAE) Prevention/Investigation Unit at New Delhi under its Special Crime Zone to tackle the menace of child porn on the internet. This step has been taken after Germany Police provided information about 7 Indian Nationals involved in International Child pornography.

About OCSAE Prevention/Investigation Unit

This newly specialized Unit of CBI will collect, collate and disseminate information regarding creation, collection, publication, transmission, browsing, downloading, promoting, distribution of information relating to On-line Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation as well as investigation of such offences.

The investigation of such offences covered under provisions of Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1860, Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act 2012 and Information Technology (IT) Act 2000 and under various Laws of the land, as applicable. The territorial jurisdiction of this unit of CBI will be throughout India.

Need: The rapid growth of Internet and Information & Communication tools over past two decades has created unparalleled opportunities for children and adults alike to learn and explore world around them. Although these technologies are found everywhere, spread through every aspect of our lives personal, professional, individual and social but they have simultaneously created new dimensions, wherein the sexual exploitation of children can multiply, if unchecked. Thereby, Children, every day, all around the world are prone to suffer On-line sexual abuse and exploitation.

INTERPOL and other National / International Organization also disseminate numerous references related to CSAM (Child Sexual Abuse Material) globally to concerned authorities. This is because the incidence of On-Line CSAM generally transcends International borders and the victims are mostly helpless innocent children.

India to host Interpol’s General Assembly in 2022

India will be hosting the 91st Interpol General Assembly in 2022. The announcement comes after a proposal in this regard received the overwhelming support of member countries at 2019’s congregation held at Santinago in Chile on 19 October 2019. The proposal was given to Interpol Secretary General Jürgen Stock by Union Home Minister Amit Shah when the two met in New Delhi during Stock’s official visit (August 2019).

Key Highlights

In the ongoing 88th Interpol General Assembly in Santiago, Rishi Kumar Shukla, the director of Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) that represents Interpol in India as the country’s national central bureau, moved the proposal which was then put to vote. The CBI director was accompanied by Delhi police commissioner Amulya Patnaik and Madhya Pradesh police chief V K Singh at the general assembly.

The 91st Interpol General Assembly, 2022 in India will be held as part of celebrations of 75th anniversary of Indian Independence. Earlier, Interpol (International Criminal Police Organisation) had hosted general assembly, where representatives of all member countries converge, in India in 1997.

About Interpol

It is an international police cooperation organization based in Lyon, France. The organisation has 194 member states and 100 years of experience of international cooperation in policing. It also has 90-million records spread across 17 databases with which it assist law enforcement agencies of its member countries.

Interpol is equipped with- incident response teams, a worldwide network of NCBs (Narcotics Control Bureau), command and control centre and secure global data communication channel I-24/7 (Interpol’s secure global police communications system through which databases are accessed).

Interpol General Assembly: The general assembly of Interpol is an annual exercise hosted by its member countries. At the general assembly the representatives discusses and deliberates upon all major decisions affecting general policy, working methods, the resources needed for international cooperation and finances.