CBSE Current Affairs - 2019
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The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has announced the introduction of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Early Childhood Care Education (ECCE), and Yoga as skill subjects in the school curriculum for academic session 2019-20.
AI will be introduced as an optional sixth subject for Class IX whereas ECCE and Yoga are being introduced as elective subjects at senior secondary level.
Rationale behind Introduction
- The circular of CBSE notes that AI in the past few years has gained geo-strategic importance and a large number of countries are striving to stay ahead with their policy initiatives to get their country ready.
- There is a huge requirement for yoga professionals and early childhood educators.
- Yoga will also teach a way of living that aims towards a healthy mind in a healthy body.
- Early Childhood Education prepares the students to teach children of nursery and kindergarten classes’ happy education or other systems of child-centric education.
Central Board of Secondary Education
Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is a national level board of education in India for public and private schools and it is controlled and managed by Union Government of India.
The genesis of the CBSE can be traced to UP Board of High School and Intermediate Education was the first Board set up in 1921. This board was expanded in 1929 as the ‘Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana. But later its jurisdiction was curtailed to Ajmer, Bhopal and Vindhya Pradesh.
In 1952, the constitution of the Board was amended and the Board was given its present name ‘Central Board of Secondary Education’. The actual reconstitution took place in the year 1962.
CBSE conducts the final exams for Class 10 and Class 12 every year, National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET), Central Teacher Eligibility Test (twice a year) UGC’s National Eligibility Test (twice a year) and the entrance test for Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas.
Tags: AI • Artificial Intelligence • CBSE • Central Board of Secondary Education • Early Childhood Care Education • ECCE • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas • National Eligibility cum Entrance Test • National Eligibility Test • NEET • UGC • Yoga
The Madras High Court has ruled against negative marking in competitive examinations saying they are bad in law.
Observations of the Madras High Court
The Madras High Court while hearing a petition filed by an IIT JEE aspirant who failed to clear the Mains due to negative marking has made the following observations:
- The Madras High Court has accepted the petitioner’s argument that negative marking is not prevailing anywhere else in the world.
- The court said that negative marking acts only as “a bolt in the brain development” of students and prevents them from making intelligent guesses.
- Deducting marks for wrong answers would not in any way help in analysing the intelligence, aptitude or knowledge of the candidates.
- Every candidate could not be expected to know all answers for sure. In such circumstances, the practice of negative marking would hamper brain development and create a fear psychosis among students.
- The court rejected the CBSE counsel’s argument that in Indian context the practice is necessary.
The judge stated that “Intelligent guessing is an art. It is very useful in our life. One cannot be sure about all things at all times. An individual will come across a situation where he/she has to decide an issue not merely based on his knowledge but with little guessing. While intelligent guessing requires an amount of prior knowledge on the subject, wild guessing is a decision taken just like that”
The Madras High Court ruled not to give negative marks for wrong answers and directed the CBSE to communicate the order to the National testing Agency which conducts the JEE (Main) exam.