ceasefire Current Affairs - 2019
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Yemenese President Abdurabu Hadi along with representative of the major political parties have signed a ceasefire agreement with the Houthi rebels. The ceasefire will peace to the disturbed region. The deal which was brokered by UN will put an end to the conflict and protests led by the Houthi faction which had brought life in Yemen to an absolute halt and standstill. “The document calls for an immediate ceasefire and ending all forms of violence,” the written statement said. “It also calls for the formation of a technocratic national government, which will work to enhance government transparency, implement economic reforms, in addition to continuing military and security reforms.”
The death toll in the month long unrest has claimed about 200 lives mostly of soldiers and civilians. There are hundreds of people who are injured. Prime Minister Basindwa has voluntarily stepped down meeting the demands of the militants for changes in the government. Zakaria Al Shami, a senior Houthi leader has reportedly said that they will continue to support Hadi to lead the nation.
The rebels who had camped around the capital Sanaa, had been rallying for almost a month, demanding oil subsidy reform be revoked and that the government should step down. They had refused to remove their tents from Sanaa and surrounding areas till their demands were met. Houthis who belonged to the Zaidi sect of Islam had actually gathered many of their supporters to fight for their cause.
Last week many Houthis had attacked the television headquarters by heavy artillery and by burning down two main buildings to capture the premises.
Ukraine has affirmed that the Russian troops who were believed to be in the Ukrainian territory have withdrawn back to Russian soils. This is a major step which will help bring back peace in the region. After about 5 months of intense fighting which had followed the Russian occupation of Crimea, the region saw a wavering ceasefire deal. There were violations reported from the Russian side.
Presidents of both the nations Russia and Ukraine have expressed their satisfaction at the development of situations and the current status of ceasefire. The two also spoke in phone expressing their pleasure at the difficult process of ceasefire.
Moscow has always remained in the denial mode over the involvement of Russia in any form to help the rebels. The European Union along with US has however, never agreed to the same stance of Russia. The recent developments if sustain will be quite helpful for a successful and useful dissolution of the crisis. Many people have lost their lives and many more have been displaced. The rebel controlled territories have known no rest since a last few months.
The EU leaders are working on the decision of whether to impose tougher and harder sanctions. The decision will change many political and economic equations in the region. The EU is supposed to present its stance on furthering with a new package of tougher economic penalties against Russia by a few days. This is deliberately done to assess the effectiveness of the ceasefire which was agreed to and the ground situations in the conflict zone. OCSE has agreed to send more observers to loosely watch the progress of truce. These will be in addition to the 70 monitors which are already looking at the ceasefire.