Central African Republic Current Affairs - 2020

Mercer Quality of Living Ranking 2019

The Quality of Living Index 2019 was released by the Consulting Agency Mercer. The index was based on the data analysed between September and November 2018. The index ranks 231 cities.

Quality of Living Index 2019

  • Austrian capital Vienna tops the Mercer’s index of most liveable cities for the 10th year in a row.
  • Vienna was closely followed by Zurich in Switzerland. Auckland, Munich, and Vancouver came in joint third.
  • San Francisco with the ranking of 34 was named the best city to live in in the U.S.
  • London with a ranking of 41st was the best city in the UK on Mercer’s scale.
  • Singapore with a ranking of 25th has held onto its status as Asia’s most livable city.
  • Uruguay’s capital Montevideo was the highest ranked city in South America.
  • Port Louis, Mauritius, was Africa’s top city.
  • Baghdad ranked last, followed by Bangui in the Central African Republic and Yemen’s capital Sanaa.
Indian Cities in the List
  • Hyderabad and Pune topped the list among the Indian cities with a rank of 143.
  • Bengaluru was the second best with the ranking of 149.
  • Mumbai with the ranking of 154 stood third among Indian cities.
  • The capital of India, New Delhi ranked at 162 in Mercer’s Quality Of Living Index.

The index is based on 39 factors such as access to public transport and traffic congestion levels, availability of housing and international schools city’s cultural scene which are grouped under 10 heads like “political and social environment”, “recreation”.

UNSC adopts resolution to extend sanctions against Central African Republic

The United Nations Security Council resolution 2454 has been adopted unanimously. The features of the resolution 2454 are:

  • They extend the sanctions against the Central African Republic (CAR) for a year.
  • The resolution renews an arms embargo, travel ban and asset freeze till January 31, 2020.
  • The mandate of the panel of experts, which helps the Security Council with the implementation of the sanctions, until Feb 29, 2020, has been extended.
  • The establishment of key benchmarks in various sectors that could help the Security Council to review the arms embargo by April 30, 2019.

Sanctions against the Central African Republic

The Central African Republic has been haunted by violence between Muslims and Christians since predominantly Muslim, Seleka rebels overthrew the Christian president in March 2013 and seized power.

Anti-Balaka militias, mostly Christians, fought back, resulting in thousands of deaths and displacement. As a result, many fled to the country’s north and across the border into Chad and Cameroon. There was an incitement of violence based on religion and ethnicity.

The UNSC unanimously adopted the Security Council Resolution 2127 in 2013 as a response to the breakdown of law and order which saw increasing violence and widespread human rights abuses in the Central African Republic and it is being renewed subsequently.

The Resolution 2127 imposed several measures including a year-long embargo on the supply of arms, military equipment and related assistance to non-state actors in the CAR.