Central Board of Secondary Education Current Affairs - 2019
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The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has announced the introduction of Artificial Intelligence (AI), Early Childhood Care Education (ECCE), and Yoga as skill subjects in the school curriculum for academic session 2019-20.
AI will be introduced as an optional sixth subject for Class IX whereas ECCE and Yoga are being introduced as elective subjects at senior secondary level.
Rationale behind Introduction
- The circular of CBSE notes that AI in the past few years has gained geo-strategic importance and a large number of countries are striving to stay ahead with their policy initiatives to get their country ready.
- There is a huge requirement for yoga professionals and early childhood educators.
- Yoga will also teach a way of living that aims towards a healthy mind in a healthy body.
- Early Childhood Education prepares the students to teach children of nursery and kindergarten classes’ happy education or other systems of child-centric education.
Central Board of Secondary Education
Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is a national level board of education in India for public and private schools and it is controlled and managed by Union Government of India.
The genesis of the CBSE can be traced to UP Board of High School and Intermediate Education was the first Board set up in 1921. This board was expanded in 1929 as the ‘Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana. But later its jurisdiction was curtailed to Ajmer, Bhopal and Vindhya Pradesh.
In 1952, the constitution of the Board was amended and the Board was given its present name ‘Central Board of Secondary Education’. The actual reconstitution took place in the year 1962.
CBSE conducts the final exams for Class 10 and Class 12 every year, National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET), Central Teacher Eligibility Test (twice a year) UGC’s National Eligibility Test (twice a year) and the entrance test for Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas.
Tags: AI • Artificial Intelligence • CBSE • Central Board of Secondary Education • Early Childhood Care Education • ECCE • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas • National Eligibility cum Entrance Test • National Eligibility Test • NEET • UGC • Yoga
The Union Minister of Human Resource Development Prakash Javadekar has announced an increase of around 5,000 seats at Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas across the country. This is the biggest-ever expansion and the number of seats has increased from 46,600 to 51,000 at the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs).
Why the increase?
The increase in the number of seats was part of the government efforts to increase the access to quality education for the student, especially from rural areas.
Over the time there has been an increase in the number of students applying for the exam to get enrolled in the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas. The number of applicants increased from 5.50 lakh aspirants in 2001 to 31.10 lakh aspirants in 2019.
The increase in the number of applicants reflects the growing aspirations of rural children for acquiring quality education. Hence the government has increased the number of seats to provide more opportunity for talented children from rural areas to get a quality education in the nearly free of cost residential schools.
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas were set up under the provisions of National Policy on Education-1986. The Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas were set up to nurture and provide opportunities for children with special talent or aptitude to progress at a faster pace by making good quality education available to them irrespective of their capacity to pay for it.
It was a unique experiment in India where the students are selected for admission to Class 6 based on their performance at the entrance examination. These schools are fully residential and co-educational schools affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), New Delhi and provide education from class VI to XII standard.